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Table 2 The association between self-perceived weather sensitivity and self-reported joint pain adjusted for potential confounders

From: Self-perceived weather sensitivity and joint pain in older people with osteoarthritis in six European countries: results from the European Project on OSteoArthritis (EPOSA)

Models B Standard error p-value Explained variance (%)
Model 1 1     3.9
Self-perceived weather sensitivity 1.03 0.19 <0.001  
Model 2 2     21.2
Self-perceived weather sensitivity 0.62 0.19 <0.01  
Age 0.04 0.02 0.01  
Sex: Male Ref. Ref. Ref.  
Sex: Female 0.41 0.19 0.03  
Education: < Secondary education Ref. Ref. Ref.  
Education: ≥ Secondary education –0.38 0.20 0.05  
Partner status: No partner Ref. Ref. Ref.  
Partner status: Partner –0.24 0.18 0.19  
Country: Sweden Ref. Ref. Ref.  
Country: Germany 1.01 0.35 <0.01  
Country: Italy 1.55 0.28 <0.001  
Country: The Netherlands 1.10 0.28 <0.001  
Country: Spain 2.52 0.28 <0.001  
Country: United Kingdom 1.09 0.32 <0.01  
Model 3 3     44.1
Self–perceived weather sensitivity 0.37 0.17 0.03  
Age 0.01 0.02 0.76  
Sex: Male Ref. Ref. Ref.  
Sex: Female 0.08 0.18 0.65  
Education: < Secondary education Ref. Ref. Ref.  
Education: ≥ Secondary education –0.17 0.18 0.36  
Partner status: No partner Ref. Ref. Ref.  
Partner status: Partner 0.09 0.17 0.59  
Country: Sweden Ref. Ref. Ref.  
Country: Germany 0.79 0.34 0.02  
Country: Italy 1.14 0.31 <0.001  
Country: The Netherlands 0.51 0.33 0.12  
Country: Spain 1.17 0.34 <0.01  
Country: United Kingdom –0.01 0.34 0.98  
Pain medication: No use Ref. Ref. Ref.  
Pain medication: Use 0.29 0.17 0.09  
Number of days with additional pain medication 0.20 0.02 <0.001  
Anxiety –0.01 0.03 0.74  
Depression 0.03 0.03 0.42  
Mastery –0.06 0.02 0.01  
Outdoor physical activity <–0.01 <0.01 0.50  
BMI <0.01 0.02 0.94  
Number of chronic diseases 0.29 0.08 <0.001  
Season: Autumn Ref. Ref. Ref.  
Season: Spring –0.11 0.24 0.64  
Season: Summer 0.26 0.25 0.31  
Season: Winter –0.52 0.29 0.08  
  1. 1The association between self–perceived weather sensitivity and self–reported joint pain unadjusted for potential confounders.
  2. 2The association between self–perceived weather sensitivity and self–reported joint pain adjusted for socio–demographics and country only.
  3. 3The association between self–perceived weather sensitivity and self–reported joint pain adjusted for socio–demographics, country and other potential confounders.