Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Characteristics of the study sample (n = 712) stratified for weather sensitivity 1

From: Self-perceived weather sensitivity and joint pain in older people with osteoarthritis in six European countries: results from the European Project on OSteoArthritis (EPOSA)

  Weather-sensitive participants Non-weather-sensitive participants p-value
(n = 469) (n = 243)
Socio-demographic characteristics    
Age in years (Mean (SD) (range)) 73.4 (5.6) (65–85) 73.7 (5.3) (65–85) 0.46
Sex (female) (n (%)) 339 (75.9) 145 (64.0) <0.01
Education (≥ secondary education) (n (%)) 199 (42.9) 150 (61.1) <0.001
Partner status (yes) (n (%)) 305 (64.2) 159 (63.9) 0.91
Psychological characteristics and physical activity    
Total HADS–A score (0–21) (mean (SD)) 6.5 (4.3) 4.9 (3.7) <0.001
Total HADS–D score (0–21) (mean (SD)) 4.8 (3.5) 4.0 (3.4) <0.01
6–item Pearlin Mastery score (0–24) (mean (SD)) 15.5 (5.1) 17.0 (4.7) <0.001
Outdoor physical activity in minutes per day (median (IQR)) 40.2 (18.6–84.2) 42.9 (21.4–74.6) 0.72
Health characteristics and body composition    
Pain medication use (yes) (n (%)) 210 (44.8) 95 (39.8) 0.20
Number of days with additional pain medication (0–14) (mean (SD)) 5.4 (5.7) 3.8 (5.2) <0.001
Length in meters (mean (SD)) 1.62 (0.09) 1.63 (0.10) 0.02
Weight in kilograms (mean (SD)) 74.5 (14.4) 76.7 (14.7) 0.06
BMI in kg/m2 (mean (SD)) 28.5 (5.0) 28.8 (5.2) 0.55
Chronic diseases (≥2) (n (%)) 155 (32.6) 75 (32.1) 0.92
Local climate    
Local climate: Cold and wet (n (%)) 83 (56.9) 66 (43.1)
Local climate: Warm and wet (n (%)) 272 (67.7) 145 (32.3)
Local climate: Warm and dry (n (%)) 114 (76.6) 32 (23.4)
Joint pain perception    
Self–reported joint pain (0–10) (mean (SD)) 4.1 (2.4) 3.1 (2.4) <0.001
Country: Sweden 2.7 (1.9) 2.0 (2.0) 0.04
Country: Germany 3.6 (2.1) 3.1 (1.4) 0.28
Country: Italy 4.3 (2.3) 4.0 (2.4) 0.57
Country: The Netherlands 4.0 (1.9) 3.0 (2.1) 0.01
Country: Spain 5.4 (2.5) 5.1 (2.8) 0.48
Country: United Kingdom 4.1 (2.6) 2.9 (2.3) 0.04
Season: Spring 4.4 (2.3) 3.5 (2.5) <0.01
Season: Summer 4.0 (2.3) 2.8 (2.4) <0.01
Season: Autumn 3.4 (2.3) 2.5 (2.2) 0.03
Season: Winter 4.6 (2.7) 3.3 (2.6) 0.01
  1. 1Descriptive statistics are weighted, n is non–weighted. The sample size may vary for some variables, because of missing values.