Skip to main content

Table 3 Subscales and item-scale correlation for the HOPE

From: Development and validation of a health belief model based instrument for measuring factors influencing exercise behaviors to prevent osteoporosis in pre-menopausal women (HOPE)

Items Item mean SD Item-scale correlation
Self-regulation (Mean =44.10 SD=7.43 Range 12–60)    
1 4.17 0.88 0.551
2 4.13 0.91 0.651
3 4.33 0.76 0.612
4 3.93 0.91 0.627
5 3.93 0.87 0.725
6 3.94 0.82 0.605
7 3.53 0.98 0.680
8 3.46 0.98 0.669
9 3.53 1.05 0.678
10 3.36 1.13 0.720
11 3.16 1.11 0.713
12 2.60 0.99 0.537
Susceptibility (Mean =12.26 SD=3.72 Range 4–20)    
13 3.19 1.04 0.910
14 3.23 1.07 0.877
15 2.97 1.08 0.891
16 2.86 1.15 0.742
Seriousness (Mean =13.92 SD=3.62 Range 4–20)    
17 2.99 1.18 0.801
18 3.72 1.00 0.887
19 3.90 1.00 0.869
20 3.30 1.13 0.799
Benefit (Mean =21.56 SD=3.19 Range 5–25)    
21 4.25 0.77 0.849
22 4.33 0.69 0.912
23 4.45 0.65 0.891
24 4.40 0.73 0.871
25 4.12 0.86 0.774
Barrier (Mean =15.81 SD=4.13 Range 5–25)    
26 3.20 1.20 0.689
27 2.95 1.20 0.732
28 3.55 1.17 0.638
29 2.92 1.17 0.740
30 3.16 1.10 0.732
Self-Efficacy (Mean =18.66 SD=3.69 Range 5–25)    
31 3.71 0.91 0.797
32 3.81 0.83 0.788
33 3.78 0.91 0.856
34 3.60 0.98 0.757
35 3.74 0.98 0.792
Health motivation (Mean =15.65 SD=2.76 Range 4–20)    
36 4.14 0.78 0.750
37 4.52 0.70 0.671
38 3.92 1.01 0.813
39 3.06 1.17 0.741
\