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Table 2 Clinically significant improvement for individual participants

From: Tactile acuity training for patients with chronic low back pain: a pilot randomised controlled trial

   Function (RMDQ [0-24]) Pain (VAS 0-100 mm)
Participant Group Baseline Post % change ≥12% improvement Baseline Post % change ≥30% improvement
1 I 3 2 33.3 Yes 50 50 0.0 No
2 I 22 23 -4.5 No 73 70 4.1 No
3 I 7 0 100.0 Yes 20 7 65.0 Yes
4 I 8 2 75.0 Yes 61 3 95.1 Yes
5 I 4 0 100.0 Yes 64 30 53.1 Yes
6 I 13 13 0.0 No 56 53 5.4 No
7 I 17 15 11.8 No 57 92 -61.4 No
8 I 4 4 0.0 No 18 18 0.0 No
9 I 6 10 -66.7 No 41 45 -12.2 No
10 P 8 3 62.5 Yes 55 18 67.3 Yes
11 P 9 1 88.9 Yes 88 11 87.5 Yes
12 P 6 5 16.7 No 13 5 61.5 Yes
13 P 3 0 100.0 Yes 22 0 100.0 Yes
14 P 12 10 16.7 No 80 45 43.8 Yes
15 P 6 1 83.3 Yes 32 12 62.5 Yes
  1. Legend: This table identifies which participants achieved a minimally clinically significant improvement for function and pain using the criteria of the Cochrane Back Review Group[16]. I = Intervention group, P = Placebo group, RMDQ = Roland Morris Disability Questionnaire, VAS = Visual Analogue Scale.