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Table 5 Discriminative properties with prevalent osteoporotic nonvertebral fracture and femoral neck BMD

From: Psychometric properties of the osteoporosis assessment questionnaire (OPAQ) 2.0: results from the multiple outcomes of raloxifene evaluation (MORE) study

OPAQ Scales Osteoporotic Nonvertebral Fracture Baseline Femoral Neck BMD T-score
0 (n =680) ≥ 1 (n =797) p-value 0 vs. ≥1 0-1 (n =1096) > 1 (n =381) p-value 0–1 vs. >1 Linear Trenda ≥ −2.5 (n =884) < −2.5 (n =585) p-valueb
Walking/bending 85.66 83.03 0.0645 85.29 81.22 0.0187* 0.0109* 84.90 83.23 0.0009**
Standing/sitting 80.10 77.53 0.1900 79.95 75.18 0.0363* 0.0219* 79.32 77.79 0.0591
Dressing/reaching 92.66 91.52 0.7054 92.15 91.75 0.4842 0.9948 92.69 91.07 0.0292*
Household/self-care 93.33 90.08 0.0025* 92.40 89.24 0.0422* 0.0076* 92.73 89.83 0.0014*
Transfers 92.23 88.43 0.0038* 91.56 86.20 0.0004** 0.0011* 89.96 90.51 0.4672
Usual work 91.65 89.55 0.2040 91.28 88.32 0.1198 0.1692 91.64 88.81 0.0030*
Fear of falls 74.87 69.28 <0.0001*** 73.89 66.03 <0.0001*** <0.0001*** 73.02 70.09 0.0061*
Level of tension 67.00 66.91 0.8235 67.17 66.34 0.6539 0.8418 66.90 67.04 0.9125
Body image 65.43 63.82 0.4723 65.46 62.00 0.1254 0.2605 64.41 64.79 0.8934
Independence 83.91 81.76 0.2340 83.44 80.76 0.2742 0.0605 84.01 80.83 0.0040*
Back pain 73.55 70.17 0.0544 73.26 67.31 0.0065* 0.0045* 72.25 70.92 0.1295
Fatigue 62.89 60.91 0.1529 62.71 59.28 0.0291* 0.0343* 62.04 61.49 0.2692
Social activity 39.73 40.54 0.9755 39.90 40.95 0.9519 0.5441 40.43 39.78 0.1497
Support, family and friends 84.49 85.55 0.5963 84.85 85.66 0.6097 0.4871 84.81 85.44 0.8636
  1. Abbreviations: BMD = bone mineral density; n = number; OPAQ = Osteoporosis Assessment Questionnaire; vs. = versus.
  2. a,bp-values based on analysis of covariance model controlling for country of origin, age, body mass index (BMI), years since menopause, smoking status (yes vs. no), alcohol consumption (yes vs. no), and number of preexisting conditions.
  3. *p < 0.05; **p < 0.001; ***p < 0.0001.