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Table 8 Psychosocial factors associated with LBP disability among Botswana school teachers

From: Low back pain among school teachers in Botswana, prevalence and risk factors

Risk factorsa Minimal disability Moderate/severe disability/crippled Total P value
  % % %  
Decision latitude     0.541
Low 19.3 17.5 18.7  
High 80.7 82.5 81.3  
Psychosocial job demands     0.040
Low 20.3 14.6 18.4  
High 79.7 85.4 81.6  
Job insecurity     0.010
Low 76.9 68.8 74.2  
High 23.1 31.2 25.8  
Co-worker support     0.071
Low 17.8 22.9 19.5  
High 82.2 77.1 80.5  
Supervisor support     0.037
Low 30.3 37.3 32.6  
High 69.7 62.7 67.4  
Social support     0.128
Low 13.8 17.8 15.2  
High 86.2 82.2 84.8  
Job dissatisfaction     0.069
Low 42.2 35.8 40.1  
High 57.8 64.2 59.9  
  1. aStatistical associations between independent variables and LBP disability were evaluated using chi-squared. Statistically significant differences (p<0.05) are marked in bold.