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Table 7 Physical factors associated with LBP disability among Botswana school teachers

From: Low back pain among school teachers in Botswana, prevalence and risk factors

Risk factorsa Minimal disability Moderate/severe disability/crippled Total P value
  % % %  
Much physical effort     <0.001
No 41.4 26.8 36.6  
Yes 58.6 73.2 63.4  
Lift heavy loads     0.030
No 85.4 79.6 83.5  
Yes 14.6 20.4 16.5  
Rapid physical activity     <0.001
No 59.9 43.9 54.6  
Yes 40.1 56.1 45.4  
Awkward body position     <0.001
No 71.9 58.9 67.6  
Yes 28.1 41.1 32.4  
Awkward arm position     <0.001
No 71.2 58.3 66.9  
Yes 28.8 41.7 33.1  
  1. aStatistical associations between independent variables and LBP disability were evaluated using chi-squared. Statistically significant differences (p<0.05) are marked in bold.