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Table 4 The 12 month prevalence of LBP among Botswana teachers in relation to physical and psychosocial factors

From: Low back pain among school teachers in Botswana, prevalence and risk factors

Risk factorsa % with LBP P value
Much physical effort   0.012
No 51.3  
Yes 58.5  
Lift heavy loads   0.832
No 55.4  
Yes 57.3  
Rapid physical activity   <0.001
No 51.2  
Yes 62.2  
Awkward body position   <0.001
No 52.2  
Yes 64.6  
Awkward arm position   <0.001
No 51.4  
Yes 66.9  
Decision latitude   0.275
No 59.7  
Yes 54.7  
Psychosocial job demands   0.015
Low 48.9  
High 57.4  
Job insecurity   0.388
Low 54.9  
High 58.3  
Co-worker support   0.105
Low 60.9  
High 54.7  
Supervisor support   0.394
Low 58.1  
High 54.6  
Social support   0.897
Low 56.9  
High 55.5  
Job dissatisfaction   0.017
Low 51.7  
High 58.6  
  1. aStatistical associations between independent variables and LBP were evaluated using chi-squared. Statistically significant differences (p<0.05) are marked in bold.