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Table 2 Behavioral risk factors related to bone health according to awareness of osteoporosis

From: Association between the awareness of osteoporosis and the quality of care for bone health among Korean women with osteoporosis

Awareness of osteoporosisa No Yes
Current smoker*   
No. of events (%)b 7.67 2.39
Model 1§ 1.00 0.33 (0.17–0.67)
Model 2 1.00 0.28 (0.14–0.58)
Model 3 1.00 0.30 (0.14–0.61)
Excessive alcohol consumption   
No. of events (%)b 9.31 9.02
Model 1§ 1.00 0.82 (0.46–1.45)
Model 2 1.00 0.87 (0.48–1.56)
Model 3 1.00 0.86 (0.47–1.58)
Adequate physical activity   
No. of events (%)b 18.5 22.1
Model 1§ 1.00 1.07 (0.75–1.53)
Model 2 1.00 1.03 (0.72–1.46)
Model 3 1.00 1.11 (0.77–1.59)
  1. aIn the question, “have you been diagnosed with osteoporosis?”, patients who answered yes were considered aware that they had osteoporosis and were included in the awareness group. Patients diagnosed with osteoporosis who answered no were included in the control group (unawareness group). bPercentage of weighted sample size in millions; *Current Smoker: smoking currently; Excessive Alcohol Drinking: ≥3 standard drinks per occasion; Adequate Physical Activity: ≥3,000 metabolic equivalent [MET]–min/week.
  2. Adjusted Variable: §Age; Model 1 + education, household income, and residential area; Model 2 + height, weight, and self-perceived health status.