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Table 2 Number of children using Ankle-foot orthosis (AFO) to improve function or range of motion (ROM) relative to GMFCS levels I-V

From: Ankle-foot orthoses in children with cerebral palsy: a cross sectional population based study of 2200 children

  GMFCS I GMFCS II GMFCS III GMFCS IV GMFCS V Missing Total
  n = 879 n = 357 n = 230 n = 374 n = 355   
  nt (%) ng (%) nt (%) ng (%) nt (%) ng (%) nt (%) ng (%) nt (%) ng (%) nt (%) ng (%)
AFO total 299 (34)   168 (47)   148 (64)   267 (71)   243 (69)   2 1127 (51)  
AFO function 183 (21)   138 (39)   127 (55)   237 (63)   189 (53)   2 876 (40)  
  Walking ability 159 (18) 102 (64) 123 (35) 84 (68) 106 (46) 79 (75) 122 (33) 91 (75) 0 (0) 0 (0) 2 512 (23) 358 (70)
  Balance, stability 110 (13) 76 (69) 115 (32) 82 (71) 115 (50) 90 (78) 204 (55) 159 (78) 129 (36) 99 (77) 2 675 (31) 503 (75)
  Facilitate training 15 (2) 11 (73) 23 (7) 16 (70) 42 (18) 35 (83) 81 (22) 59 (73) 71 (20) 51 (72) 1 233 (11) 172 (74)
AFO other purpose 32 (4) 15 (47) 17 (5) 12 (70) 12 (5) 11 (92) 32 (9) 25 (78) 53 (15) 43 (81) 0 146 (7) 105 (72)
AFO ROM 2011 254 (29)   129 (36)   105 (46)   207 (55)   216 (61)   1 912 (41)  
AFO ROM 2011-2012 148 (17) 107 (72) 87 (24) 56 (64) 83 (36) 56 (68) 144 (39) 107 (74) 155 (44) 110 (71)   617 (28) 436 (71)
  1. Nt = total number of children using AFO for each purpose in percent (%) of all 2200 children with CP; ng = number of children who attained the goal in percent (%) of those using AFO for each purpose.
  2. Several children attained more than one goal.