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Table 3 Linear association between obesity-related phenotypes and bone mineral density

From: Sex-related differences in the association between waist circumference and bone mineral density in a Korean population

    Unadjusted   Adjusted*
    Coefficients p-value Coefficients Standardized coefficients p-value
Lumbar spine BMD Men Waist circumference (10 cm) 0.075 ± 0.004 <0.001 −0.051 ± 0.008 −0.198 <0.001
   Waist/hip ratio 0.575 ± 0.062 <0.001 −0.203 ± 0.070 −0.054 0.004
   Body fat percent (10%) 0.072 ± 0.006 <0.001 −0.024 ± 0.008 −0.067 0.003
   Fat mass (10 kg) 0.111 ± 0.006 <0.001 −0.049 ± 0.012 −0.132 <0.001
  Women Waist circumference (10 cm) 0.021 ± 0.003 <0.001 −0.020 ± 0.004 −0.108 <0.001
   Waist/hip ratio −0.113 ± 0.031 <0.001 −0.103 ± 0.031 −0.045 0.001
   Body fat percent (10%) 0.031 ± 0.004 <0.001 −0.016 ± 0.006 −0.054 0.007
   Fat mass (10 kg) 0.073 ± 0.004 <0.001 −0.041 ± 0.010 −0.138 <0.001
Femoral neck BMD Men Waist circumference (10 cm) 0.044 ± 0.003 <0.001 −0.028 ± 0.005 −0.170 0.035
   Waist/hip ratio 0.236 ± 0.040 <0.001 −0.136 ± 0.043 −0.056 0.002
   Body fat percent (10%) 0.023 ± 0.004 <0.001 −0.031 ± 0.005 −0.137 <0.001
   Fat mass (10 kg) 0.057 ± 0.004 <0.001 −0.053 ± 0.007 −0.223 <0.001
  Women Waist circumference (10 cm) 0.005 ± 0.002 0.003 −0.012 ± 0.002 −0.085 0.030
   Waist/hip ratio −0.209 ± 0.022 <0.001 −0.082 ± 0.020 −0.050 <0.001
   Body fat percent (10%) 0.003 ± 0.003 0.0349 −0.021 ± 0.004 −0.103 <0.001
   Fat mass (10 kg) 0.036 ± 0.003 <0.001 −0.052 ± 0.007 −0.242 <0.001
  1. *Unstandardized regression coefficients and standardized regression coefficients were calculated by using a multiple linear regression adjusting for age, height, weight, and regular exercise separately for each obesity-related phenotype.