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Table 1 Inclusion and exclusion criteria

From: An experimental study investigating the effect of pain relief from oral analgesia on lumbar range of motion, velocity, acceleration and movement irregularity

Inclusion Exclusion
Pain confined to between lower ribs and inferior gluteal folds History of tumors
  Spinal fractures
Movement evoked pain
Aged 18–55 years old
Seeking healthcare for LBP
Acute – Pain present for less than 3 weeks on a history of no pain for at least 12 months Surgery
  Neurological signs or symptoms
Chronic – Pain present on at least 3 days per week for at least 52 weeks Rhuematological or Neurological disease
  Known spinal deformity