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Table 8 Osteopathic manipulative treatment in comparison to untreated for nonspecific low back pain in postpartum women

From: Osteopathic manipulative treatment for nonspecific low back pain: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Quality assessment

No. of patients

Treatment effect (95% CI)

Quality of the evidence

No. of studies

Design

Limitations

Inconsistency

Indirectness

Imprecision

Other considerations

OMT

Untreated

Pain (measured with: Pain VAS from 0 to 100 [worse pain]; Better indicated by lower values)

2

randomised trials

no serious limitations

no serious inconsistency

no serious indirectness

serious1

none

60

59

MD 41.85 lower (49.43 to 34.27 lower)

Ο MODERATE

Functional status (measured with: Oswestry Pain Questionnaire; Better indicated by lower values)

2

randomised trials

no serious limitations

no serious inconsistency

no serious indirectness

serious1

none

60

59

SMD 1.78 lower (2.21 to 1.35 lower)

Ο MODERATE

  1. 1Sample size < 400.
  2. Abbreviations: CI Confidence interval, MD Mean difference, OMT Osteopathic manipulative treatment, SMD Standard mean difference, VAS Visual analogue scale.