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Table 8 Osteopathic manipulative treatment in comparison to untreated for nonspecific low back pain in postpartum women

From: Osteopathic manipulative treatment for nonspecific low back pain: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Quality assessment No. of patients Treatment effect (95% CI) Quality of the evidence
No. of studies Design Limitations Inconsistency Indirectness Imprecision Other considerations OMT Untreated
Pain (measured with: Pain VAS from 0 to 100 [worse pain]; Better indicated by lower values)
2 randomised trials no serious limitations no serious inconsistency no serious indirectness serious1 none 60 59 MD 41.85 lower (49.43 to 34.27 lower) Ο MODERATE
Functional status (measured with: Oswestry Pain Questionnaire; Better indicated by lower values)
2 randomised trials no serious limitations no serious inconsistency no serious indirectness serious1 none 60 59 SMD 1.78 lower (2.21 to 1.35 lower) Ο MODERATE
  1. 1Sample size < 400.
  2. Abbreviations: CI Confidence interval, MD Mean difference, OMT Osteopathic manipulative treatment, SMD Standard mean difference, VAS Visual analogue scale.