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Table 5 Mean NHS service use: 0–4 months

From: Primum non nocere: shared informed decision making in low back pain – a pilot cluster randomised trial

  Number of patients Mean quantity Mean treatment difference (95% CI) (usual care - DSP)
DSP Usual care DSP (SD) Usual care (SD)  
NHS Services      
 General Practitioner 57 39 1.4(2.1) 1.1(1.5) -0.28(-1.05 to 0 .50)
 Practice nurse 58 39 0.1(0.4) 0.03(0.2) -0.08(-0.21 to 0.06)
 Physiotherapist visit** 81 60 3.8(3.7) 3.1(3.7) 0.72(-1.97 to 0.52)
 Doctor/nurse in an emergency department(casualty) 58 39 0.2(0.7) 0.1(0.3) -0.10 (-0.34 to 0.13)
 Hospital specialist (consultant or team member) 58 39 0.1(0.5) 0.5(1.5) 0.42 (-0.00 to 0.84)
 Psychologist/counsellor 58 39 0.03 (2.3) 0.1(0.5) 0.04 (-0.11 to 0.19)
 Hospital stay 57 40 0.04(0.2) 0(0) -0.04(-0.09 to 0.02)
NHS Tests      
 X-rays 58 39 0.1(0.3) 0.0(0.2) 0.03(-0.14 to 0.07)
 CT scan 58 39 0.02(0.1) 0.03(0.2) 0.01(-0.05 to 0.07)
 MRI scan 57 39 0.1(0.3) 0.3(0.6) 0.16 (-0.04 to 0.36)
 Blood tests 58 39 0.2(0.5) 0.1(0.3) 0.05 (-0.22 to 0.11)
NHS Drugs      
 Pain killers 57 39 1.2(2.0) 1.3(1.5) 0.08 (-0.67 to 0.83)
 Anti-inflammatory drugs 58 39 0.8(1.3) 0.9(1.2) 0.08 (-0.43 to 0.58)
 Gels/creams 58 39 0.2 (0.5) 0.1(0.2) 0.11(-0.28 to 0.07)
 Sleeping pills 58 39 0.1(0.5) 0.1(0.4) 0.04 (-0.24 to 0.16)
 Anti-depressants 58 39 0.2(0.7) 0.4(0.9) 0.17 (-0.16 to 0.50)
  1. **Based on physiotherapist’s medical record.