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Table 4 Correlations between kinesiophobia/(re)injury and fear-avoidance beliefs, pain anxiety, pain coping, disability, depression and pain

From: Fear of movement/(Re)injury in low back pain: confirmatory validation of a German version of the Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia

Validity criteria SF AA TSK-GV
PASS-DE .532** .415** .553**
PASS-DE - Fearful thinking .568** .422** .580**
PASS-DE - Cognitive Anxiety .483** .272** .434**
PASS-DE - Escape/Avoidance .329** .403** .444**
PASS-DE - Physiological Anxiety .400** .259** .384**
FABQ – work .258** .233** .286**
FABQ – physical activity .255** .469** .435**
KPI – Fear-avoidance-variables    
Anxiety/Depression .218** .114 .191**
Help-/Hopelessness .383** .277** .389**
Catastrophizing .312** .167* .277**
Avoidance of Social Activities .253** .203** .269**
Avoidance of Physical Activities .198* .233** .263**
KPI – Endurance variables    
Positive Mood despite Pain -.287** -.171* -.268**
Thought Suppression .038 .025 .030
Minimization -.252** -.214** -.282**
Endurance Behavior -.075 -.181* -.168*
BDI .187* .160* .206**
ODI .208** .205** .240**
PDI .280** .186* .269**
Average pain intensity (last week) .074 -.009 .030
Duration of current pain .021 -.008 -.008
  1. **Correlation is significant at the 0.01 level (2-tailed); *Correlation is significant at the 0.05 level (2-tailed). Bivariate correlations that remain significant after a Bonferroni adjustment (p < .005) are printed in bold. TSK: Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia; TSK-GV: German version of the TSK; SF: Somatic Focus, AA: Activity Avoidance; PASS: Pain Anxiety Symptoms Scale; BDI: Beck Depression Inventory; PDI: Pain Disability Index; ODI: Oswestry Disability Index; KPI: Kiel Pain Inventory; FABQ: Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire.