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Table 3 Analysis of subjective symptoms and objective neurological findings in the four groups

From: Diagnostic value of the lumbar extension-loading test in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis: a cross-sectional study

  Group A Group B Group C
Subjective symptoms E-L 46 (40) 66 (57) 4 (3)
G-L 47 (40) 66 (57) 3 (3)
Motor E-L 29 (25) 49 (42) 38 (33)
G-L 29 (25) 51 (44) 36 (31)
Sensory E-L 5 (5) 37 (31) 74 (64)
G-L 5 (5) 37 (31) 74 (64)
Reflex E-L 32 (28) - 84 (72)
G-L 31 (27) - 85 (73)
  1. Data are given as n (%).
  2. E-L: lumbar extension-loading test, G-L: gait-loading test.
  3. Group A: New subjective symptoms and/or objective neurological findings that were not present at rest occurred after lumbar-extension and/or gait-loading.
  4. Group B: The severity of subjective symptoms and/or objective neurological findings increased after the lumbar-extension and/or gait-loading test, but these symptoms and/or findings did not worsen.
  5. Group C: No changes in subjective symptoms or objective neurological findings after both loading tests.