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Table 1 Patients’ characteristics

From: Vitamin D status in non-supplemented postmenopausal Taiwanese women with osteoporosis and fragility fracture

  Hip fracture (n = 113) Vertebral fracture (n = 81) p-value
Age (years), mean ± SD 79.5 ± 9.3 74.6 ± 8.5 <0.01
Height (cm), mean ± SD 152.9 ± 5.9 150.7 ± 6.1 0.015
Weight (kg), mean ± SD 55.0 ± 10.1 55.6 ± 10.8 0.688
BMI (kg/m2), mean ± SD 23.5 ± 4.1 24.4 ± 3.9 0.153
Year of menopause, mean ± SD 28.3 ± 10.5 26.1 ± 8.5 0.156
BMD (T-score), mean ± SD    
  Spine L1-4 -2.7 ± 1.6 -3.0 ± 1.4 0.383
  Femoral neck -3.2 ± 0.9 -3.2 ± 1.0 0.986
  Total hip -2.9 ± 1.0 -2.6 ± 1.1 0.149
Co-morbidity (n,%)    
Hypertension 72 (63.7%) 42 (51.9%) 0.033
Diabetes 27 (23.9%) 17 (21.0%) 0.634
Stroke 5 (4.4%) 5 (6.2%) 0.742
Parkinson’s disease 2 (1.8%) 1 (1.2%) 1.000
Calcium and Vitamin D containing food (n,%)    
Milk 73 (64.6%) 44 (54.3%) 0.149
Yolk 95 (84.1%) 66 (81.5%) 0.773
Cod-liver oil/fatty fish/mushrooms 53 (46.9%) 22 (27.2%) 0.005