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Table 4 Group frequencies and group means for the sub-scale Fear Avoidance Beliefs (FABQ-physical and FABQ-work sub scales) for independent variable categories (LBP only, N = 236)

From: Low back pain beliefs are associated to age, location of work, education and pain-related disability in Chinese healthcare professionals working in China: a cross sectional survey

  N (%) FABQ-Phys Mean (SD) p-value1 FABQ- Work Mean (SD) p-value1
Location of work      
Metropolitan hospitals 124 (52.5) 17.9 (4.4) .216 17.9 (9.2) 0.254
Regional community health centres 112 (47.5) 17.1 (5.2)   16.6 (7.3)  
Occupation      
Nurses 125 (53.2) 17.9 (4.7) .427 17.5 (8.7) 0.300
Medical practitioners 61 (26.0) 16.9 (4.9)   16.8 (7.5)  
Therapists 24 (10.2) 18.1 (4.9)   20.1 (8.8)  
TCMP 7 (3.0) 15.3 (5.3)   12.5 (5.6)  
Other 18 (7.7) 17.0 (4.4)   16.4 (8.3)  
LBP Disability      
LBP low disability 151 (64.0) 16.4 (5.0) <.001 15.2 (8.5) <0.001
LBP high disability 85 (36.0) 19.5 (3.7)   20.9 (6.8)  
Gender      
Male 67 (28.5) 17.1 (4.8) .414 18.2 (8.3) 0.318
Female 168 (71.5) 17.6 (4.8)   16.9 (8.4)  
Age      
20 to29 years 68 (28.8) 17.5 (4.2) .988 17.1 (7.8) 0.421
30 to 39yrs 64 (27.1) 17.5 (4.9)   18.4 (8.4)  
40 or greater 104 (44.1) 17.4 (5.1)   16.7 (8.7)  
Academic Qualification      
Secondary technical 47 (20.1) 18.2 (5.3) .159 17.5 (8.5) 0.596
Junior college/Senior High 89 (38.0) 17.3 (4.9)   17.2 (8.1)  
Bachelor degree 75 (32.1) 17.7 (4.4)   17.9 (8.9)  
Postgraduate degree 23 (9.8) 15.6 (4.2)   15.2 (7.2)  
  1. 1 p-value for overall test for the difference in groups means, using dummy variable coding in univariable linear regression models.
  2. TCMP = Traditional Chinese Medicine Practitioners.
  3. Other: included trainee medical practitioners, trainee therapists or medical practitioners in other fields for example obstetricians or surgeons who have had experience managing patients with LBP.