Skip to main content

Table 3 Summary of the estimates from the multivariable regression model for beliefs about low back pain using the Back Belief Questionnaire (BBQ) as the dependent variable

From: Low back pain beliefs are associated to age, location of work, education and pain-related disability in Chinese healthcare professionals working in China: a cross sectional survey

  Marginal Means Unstandardised regression coefficient1 95% CI p-value
Location of work       
Metropolitan hospitals 29.5 REF     
Regional community health centres 27.1 −2.4 −3.8 - −1.0 0.001
Occupation       
Nurses 28.1 REF     0.7732
Medical practitioners 29.0 0.9 −0.9 - 2.7 0.341
Therapists 28.1 0.0 −2.3 - 2.3 1.000
TCMP 29.7 1.6 −1.6 - 4.8 0.321
Other 28.1 0.0 −2.4 - 2.4 0.977
LBP Disability       
No LBP 28.5 REF     0.3872
LBP low disability 28.8 0.3 −1.0 - 1.6 0.650
LBP high disability 27.6 −0.9 −2.5 - 0.8 0.298
Gender       
Male 29.4 REF     
Female 28.0 −1.4 −3.0 - 0.2 0.082
Age       
20 to29 yrs 27.2 REF     0.0052
30 to 39 yrs 28.0 0.8 −0.8 - 2.3 0.326
40 yrs or greater 29.6 2.43 0.9 - 3.9 0.001
Academic Qualification       
Secondary technical school 28.5 REF     0.9512
Junior college/Senior High 28.2 −0.3 −2.0 - 1.3 0.683
Undergraduate degree 28.6 0.1 −1.9 - 2.0 0.956
Postgraduate degree 28.3 −0.3 −2.9 - 2.3 0.843
  1. 1 adjusted for all other independent variables.
  2. 2 Joint Wald test for coefficients.
  3. 3 contrast to ’30-39 yrs’ category = 1.6(95% CI: 0.1 to 3.1, p = .036).
  4. TCMP = Traditional Chinese Medicine Practitioners.
  5. Other: included trainee medical practitioners, trainee therapists or medical practitioners in other fields for example obstetricians or surgeons who have had experience managing patients with LBP.