Skip to main content

Table 2 Group frequencies and group means for beliefs about low back pain for independent variable categories (N = 432)

From: Low back pain beliefs are associated to age, location of work, education and pain-related disability in Chinese healthcare professionals working in China: a cross sectional survey

  N (%) BBQ Mean (SD) p-value1
Location of work    
Metropolitan hospitals 231 (53.5) 29.2 (5.8) 0.003
Regional community health centres 201 (46.5) 27.4 (6.5)  
Occupation    
Nurses 213 (49.5) 27.3 (6.6) 0.014
Medical practitioners 117 (27.2) 29.4 (5.9)  
Therapists 44 (10.2) 29.7 (5.2)  
TCMP 18 (4.2) 30.1 (4.9)  
Other 38 (8.8) 28.3 (5.8)  
LBP Disability    
No LBP 196 (45.4) 28.3 (6.2) 0.492
LBP low disability 151 (34.9) 28.7 (6.1)  
LBP high disability 85 (19.7) 27.7 (6.6)  
Gender    
Male 125 (29.0) 29.9 (6.0) 0.001
Female 306 (71.0) 27.7 (6.2)  
Age    
20 to29 yrs 143 (33.1) 27.3 (5.5) 0.011
30 to 39 yrs 118 (27.3) 28.0 (6.0)  
40 yrs or greater 171 (39.6) 29.4 (6.8)  
Academic Qualification    
Secondary technical 80 (18.7) 27.9 (5.9) 0.057
Junior college/Senior high 159 (37.2) 27.6 (6.8)  
Bachelor degree 139 (32.6) 29.1 (5.6)  
Postgraduate degree 49 (11.5) 29.8 (5.9)  
  1. 1 p-value for overall test for the difference in groups means, using dummy variable coding in univariable linear regression models.
  2. BBQ = beliefs about low back pain derived from the Back Belief Questionnaire; scores ranged between 9–45 with lower scores representing more negative beliefs.
  3. TCMP = Traditional Chinese Medicine Practitioners.
  4. Other: included trainee medical practitioners, trainee therapists or medical practitioners in other fields for example obstetricians or surgeons who have had experience managing patients with LBP.