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Table 1 Summary of the BEEP trial interventions

From: A multicentre, pragmatic, parallel group, randomised controlled trial to compare the clinical and cost-effectiveness of three physiotherapy-led exercise interventions for knee osteoarthritis in older adults: the BEEP trial protocol (ISRCTN: 93634563)

Key features Usual physiotherapy care Individually tailored exercise Targeted exercise adherence
Number of sessions Up to 4 sessions 6 to 8 sessions 8 to 10 sessions
Time period of treatment Up to 12 weeks Up to 12 weeks Up to 6 months
General education Advice and information booklet Advice and information booklet Advice and information booklet
Exercise focus Focus on lower limb exercise Focus on lower limb exercise Focus on both lower limb and general exercise. Signposting and support to engage in general physical activity opportunities in local community
Individualisation Exercises selected from a pre-printed, standardised written template Exercises individually prescribed for each patient, supported by an individualised, written exercise programme Exercises individually prescribed for each patient, supported by an individualised, written exercise programme
Progression Minimal progression Good progression Good progression
Supervision Minimal supervision Good supervision Good supervision
Exercise monitoring No exercise diary Exercise diary Exercise and physical activity diaries
Provision of follow-up No follow-up after 12 weeks No follow-up after 12 weeks Follow-up and monitoring contacts (telephone or face to face) through to 6 months