Skip to main content

Table 1 Details of the intervention randomized controlled trials in which at least one arm involved wrist arthroscopy or shoulder arthroscopy

From: Intervention randomized controlled trials involving wrist and shoulder arthroscopy: a systematic review

Author* (first) yr Country Diagnosis Intervention 1 N 1 D/W Intervention 2 N 2 W/D Randomization method Time of randomization Outcomes Blinding
Wrist             
Kang 2008 USA Dorsal ganglion Arthroscopic excision 41 13 Open excision 31 8 Medical record Identifier (odd/even) At presentation Recurrence, residual pain, complications NR
Leblebicioglu 2003 Turkey Kienböck’s disease Open scaphocapitate fusion and lunate revascularization 8 NR Arthroscopic scapho-capitate fusion and capitate pole excision 8 NR Last digit of Medical record (odd/even) NR Operative time, LOHS, time to fusion, ROM, grip, RTW NR
Rocchi 2008 Italy Volar ganglion Open excision 25 2 Arthroscopic excision 25 1 Sealed envelopes NR ROM, grip, scar, pain, residual symptoms, recurrence NR
Varitimidis 2008 Greece Intra-articular distal radius fracture Arthroscopic and fluroscopic assisted reduction + external fixation and percutaneous pinning 20 NR Fluroscopic assisted reduction + external fixation and percutaneous pinning 20 NR Sealed envelopes NR Mayo wrist score, DASH (primary), clinical wrist instability, grip, ROM, radiographs NR
Shoulder             
Archetti Netto 2012 Brazil Traumatic anterior instability + isolated Bankart lesion Arthroscopic repair 22 5 Open repair 28 3 Computer; Sealed envelopes At surgery DASH (primary), UCLA, Rowe, ROM NR
Barber 2012 USA, Canada Large rotator cuff tear Arthroscopic single- row repair + acellular human dermal matrix augmentation 22 NR Arthroscopic single row repair 20 NR Sealed envelopes At surgery ASES, UCLA, Constant, MRI, ROM, strength Assessor (radiologist)
Berth 2010 Germany Massive rotator cuff tear Arthroscopic partial rotator cuff repair 21 NR Arthroscopic debride-ment + subacromial decompression 21 NR Patient's option NR Constant, ROM, pain, DASH, ultrasound NR
Bottoni 2002 USA Acute, traumatic, first-time shoulder dislocations in young athletes Arthroscopic stabilization 10 1 Nonoperative treatment (4 wks immobilization followed by supervised rehabilitation program) 14 2 Last digit social security number (odd/even) NR Recurrent instability, SANE, L'Insalata shoulder evaluation, satisfaction NR
Bottoni 2006 USA Recurrent anterior shoulder instability Arthroscopic stabilization 32 0 Open stabilization 32 3 Sealed envelopes NR ROM, stability, SANE, SST, WOSI, UCLA, Rowe Assessor (physiotherapist)
Brox 1993 Norway Impingement syndrome (stage II) Arthroscopic acromioplasty 45 13 Supervised exercises; Placebo laser 50;30 8;4 NR Mean 2 months before treatment Neer shoulder score (primary), pain Assessor
Burks 2009 Australia Full-thickness rotator cuff tear Arthroscopic single-row rotator cuff repair 20 0 Arthroscopic double-row rotator cuff repair 20 0 Random number Generator; Sealed envelopes At surgery UCLA, MRI, Constant-Murley, WORC, SANE, ASES, ROM, strength Assessors (radiologist and examiner)
Charron 2007 USA Distal clavicle osteolysis or post-traumatic acromio- clavicular arthrosis without instability Arthroscopic distal clavicle resection with a direct approach 19 1 Arthroscopic distal clavicle resection with an indirect subacromial approach 19 3 Order of enrollment (odd/even) At enrollment ASES, ATH, time to full return to sports NR
Chen 2010 China Frozen shoulder Arthroscopic release of anterior capsular structures 42 1 Arthroscopic release extended inferiorly and posteriorly 32 3 Computer; Sealed envelopes At surgery Constant, ROM Patients and Assessors
De Carli 2012 Italy Idiopathic adhesive shoulder capsulitis Arthroscopy arthrolysis and shoulder manipulation 25 2 Glenohumeral steroid injections 21 0 NR NR ROM, ASES, UCLA, SST, Constant-Murley NR
Dezaly 2011 France Rotator cuff tear in the over-60s Arthroscopic biceps acromioplasty-tenotomy and repair 71 3? Arthroscopic biceps acromioplasty-tenotomy 71 12? NR Day before surgery Constant, ultrasound tendon healing NR
Elmlund 2009 Sweden Recurrent shoulder instability Arthroscopic reconstruction with polygluconate-B polymer 20 4 Arthroscopic reconstruction with poly-L-lactic acid polymer tack implants 20 3 Sealed envelopes Just before surgery Radiographs, CRP, Constant, Rowe, apprehension test, strength, ROM, recurrence of instability Assessor (radiologist)
Fabbriciani 2004 Italy Traumatic anterior shoulder instability Arthroscopic repair 30 NR Open repair 30 NR Computer At surgery Constant, Rowe NR
Franceschi 2008 Italy Rotator cuff tear and a type II SLAP lesion in the over-50s Arthroscopic repair of both lesions 31 2 Arthroscopic rotator cuff tear repair without repair of the SLAP II lesion but with tenotomy of the long head of the biceps 32 5 Random number table; Sealed envelopes At surgery UCLA, ROM NR
Freedman 2007 USA Refractory acromioclavicular joint pain Open distal clavicle excision 9 1 Arthroscopic distal clavicle excision 8 1 NR NR Pain VAS (primary). modified ASES, SF-36 NR
Gartsman 2004 USA Full-thickness rotator cuff tear + type 2 acromion Arthroscopic rotator cuff repair + subacromial decompression 47 NR Arthroscopic rotator cuff repair without subacromial decompression 46 NR Random number table At surgery ASES Patients
Grasso 2009 Italy Full-thickness rotator cuff tear Arthroscopic single-row rotator cuff repair 40 3 Arthroscopic double-row rotator cuff repair 40 5 Computer At surgery DASH, Constant, strength NR
Gumina 2012 Italy Large full-thickness posterosuperior rotator cuff tear Arthroscopic repair with platelet-leukocyte membrane 40 1 Arthroscopic repair 40 3 Randomization list; Sealed envelopes 3 days before surgery Constant, MRI (primary), SST Assessors
Haahr 2005 Denmark Subacromial impingement Arthroscopic subacromial decompression 45 4 Physiotherapy 45 2 Computer; Sealed envelopes NR Constant, pain VAS, ROM, strength, ADL NR
Henkus 2009 Nether-lands Primary subacromial impingement without rotator cuff rupture Arthroscopic subacromial bursectomy 27 1 Debridement of subacromial bursa + arthroscopic acromioplasty 30 0 Automatically generated randomization code NR Constant, SST , pain VAS, functional impairment VAS Assessor and group 1 patients
Hiemstra 2008 Canada Shoulder instability Open stabilization 24 0 Arthroscopic stabilization 24 0 Computer NR Strength (primary), ASES, ROM Assessor
Husby 2003 Norway Impingement syndrome (Neer grade II) Arthroscopic subacromial decompression 20 5 Open subacromial decompression 19 0 Sealed envelopes At surgery UCLA, pain VAS, satisfaction VAS, strength, ROM Assessor
Kasten 2011 Germany Supraspinatus tendon rupture Arthroscopic repair 17 3 Mini-open technique 17 1 Order of enrollment(first 17/ next 17) NR NSAID use, pain, Constant-Murley, ASES, MRI Assessor (radiologist)
Ketola 2009 Finland Shoulder impingement syndrome Supervised exercise 70 4 Arthroscopic acromioplasty + supervised exercise 70 2 Computer;Sealed envelopes NR Pain VAS, ROM, strength (primary), cost-effectiveness Assessor (physiotherapist)
Kim 2011 Korea Rotator cuff tear + asymptomatic acromioclavicular arthritis Arthroscopic distal clavicle resection with rotator cuff repair 31 2 Arthroscopic rotator cuff repair 52 4 Random number table NR ASES, UCLA, pain, AC joint tenderness, cross body adduction test NR
Kirkley 1999 Canada First traumatic anterior dislocation Immediate arthroscopic stabilization 19 0 Immobilization and rehabilitation 21 2 NR NR WOSI, ROM, redislocation Assessor
Koh 2011 South Korea Rotator cuff tear Arthroscopic single-row repair 37 6 Arthroscopic double-row repair 34 3 Computer At surgery Pain VAS, Constant, ASES, UCLA, re-tear, MRI Assessors (radiologist and examiner)
Lindh 1993 Sweden Shoulder impingement Arthroscopic subacromial decompression 10 0 Open acromioplasty 10 0 NR NR Osteophyte recurrence, ROM, UCLA NR
Ma 2012 Taiwan Full-thickness rotator cuff tear Arthroscopic single-row repair 32 5 Arthroscopic double-row repair 32 6 Computer; Sealed envelopes At surgery UCLA, ASES, strength, magnetic resonance arthrography NR
MacDonald 2011 Canada Full-thickness rotator cuff tear Arthroscopic repair + acromioplasty 41 9 Arthroscopic repair 45 9 Computer; Sealed envelopes At surgery WORC (primary), ASES, revision Patients and Assessor
Magnusson 2006 Sweden Post-traumatic shoulder instability Arthroscopic Bankart reconstruction with polygluconate co-polymer 20 0 Arthroscopic Bankart reconstruction with self-reinforced poly-L-lactic acid polymer 20 0 Sealed envelopes Just before surgery Strength, ROM, Rowe, Constant, stability, radiography Assessor (radiologist)
Milano 2007 Italy Full-thickness rotator cuff tear Arthroscopic repair + subacromial decompression 40 3 Arthroscopic repair 40 6 Computer At surgery Constant, DASH NR
Milano 2010 Italy Recurrent traumatic anterior shoulder instability Arthroscopic repair with metal suture anchor 39 3 Arthroscopic repair with biodegradable suture anchor 39 5 Random sequence generator; Sealed envelopes At surgery DASH (primary),,Rowe, Constant, recurrence Assessor
Milano 2010 Italy Full-thickness rotator cuff tear Arthroscopic repair with metal suture anchor 55 3 Arthroscopic repair with biodegradable suture anchor 55 6 Random sequence generator At surgery DASH, Constant Assessor
Mohtadi 2008 Canada Full-thickness rotator cuff tear Open repair 37 8 Arthroscopic acromioplasty with mini-open repair 36 5 Computer; Sealed envelopes NR RC-QOL (primary), ASES, SRQ, FSET, ROM, strength Assessor
Monteiro 2008 Brazil Traumatic anterior shoulder instability Arthroscopic repair with anchors loaded with absorbable sutures 25 4 Arthroscopic repair with anchors loaded with nonabsorbable sutures 25 1 Sealed envelopes NR Rowe, ASOSS Assessor
Oh 2011 South Korea Partial- or full- thickness rotator cuff tear Arthroscopic repair + HA/carboxymethylated cellulose injection 40 NR Arthroscopic repair 40 NR Computer NR Pain VAS, PROM, ASES, ultrasonography, CTA Injection and Assessor
Randelli 2011 Italy Complete rotator cuff tear Arthroscopic repair + autologous platelet rich plasma 26 4 Arthroscopic repair 27 4 Computer; Sealed envelopes At surgery Pain VAS, SST, UCLA, Constant, strength, MRI Assessors (radiologist and examiner)
Robinson 2008 UK First-time traumatic anterior dislocation Arthroscopic examination and lavage 45 3 Arthroscopic examination and Bankart lesion repair 43 1 Computer; weighted minimization NR Recurrence, functional scores, DASH, patient satisfaction, SF-36, WOSI, ROM, cost Patients and Assessor (physiotherapist)
Rodeo 2012 USA Full-thickness rotator cuff tear Arthroscopic repair + platelet-rich fibrin matrix 40 5 Arthroscopic repair 39 7 Sealed envelopes At surgery Healing on ultrasound (primary), ASES, L'Insalata, manual muscle testing Patients and Assessor
Sachs 1994 USA Impingement syndrome (stage II) Arthroscopic acromioplasty 22 3 Open acromioplasty 22 0 NR NR Pain, function, ROM, strength, RTA, LOHS NR
Shin 2012 South Korea Small-medium rotator cuff tear Arthroscopic repair + acromioplasty 75 15 Arthroscopic repair 75 15 NR Before surgery VAS, UCLA, ASES, Constant, MRI, ROM NR
Shin 2012 South Korea Partial-thickness articular-sided rotator cuff tear Arthroscopic repair with transtendon technique 24 0 Arthroscopic repair with full-thickness conversion 24 0 Computer At surgery Pain and satisfaction VAS, ASES, Constant, MRI, ROM Assessors (radiologist and examiner)
Silberberg 2011 Spain Isolated type II SLAP lesion Arthroscopic repair with vertical suture 15 0 Arthroscopic repair with horizontal suture 17 0 Minimization At surgery Pain and instability VAS, ASES, ROM Assessor
Spangehl 2002 Canada Impingement syndrome Arthroscopic acromioplasty 32 ?/25 Open acromioplasty 30 ?/25 NR NR Pain and function VAS (primary), UCLA, satisfaction, strength Assessor
Sperber 2001 Sweden Traumatic anterior shoulder instability Arthroscopic stabilization 30 NR Open stabilization 26 NR Sealed envelopes At surgery Recurrence, ROM, apprehension sign, relocation test, Constant, Rowe NR
Syed 2010 USA Soft tissue fluid retention after shoulder arthroscopy Fenestrated outflow cannula 14 0 Conventional cannula 14 0 Sealed envelopes NR Fluid weight gain Patients
Tan 2006 UK Recurrent traumatic anterior instability Arthroscopic Bankart repair with nonabsorbable anchor 65 2 Arthroscopic Bankart repair with absorbable anchor 65 4 Sealed envelopes At surgery OISS, pain and instability VAS, SF-12, recurrence Patients and Assessors
Taverna 2007 Italy Chronic supraspinatus tendinosis Arthroscopic subacromial decompression 30 0 Radiofrequency-based plasma microtenotomy 30 0 Sealed envelopes Just before surgery Pain VAS, Constant, ASES, UCLA, SF-36 Patients and Assessor (physician)
Wintzell 1996 Sweden Acute traumatic primary anterior dislocation Arthroscopic lavage 15 0 Conservative treatment 15 0 NR NR Recurrenc, apprehension test, ROM, Lysholm score Assessor
  1. *The references are listed in Additional file 2.
  2. Dropouts/withdrawals were mentioned but the exact number in each group was not clear in the article.
  3. Abbreviations in alphabetical order:
  4. ADL Activities of Daily Living, ASES American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons shoulder score, ASOSS Athletic Shoulder Outcome Scoring System, ATH Athletic Shoulder Scoring System score, Constant Constant shoulder score, CRP C-Reactive Protein, CTA Computed Tomography Arthrography, DASH Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand score, D/W dropouts/withdrawals, FSET Functional Shoulder Elevation Test, LOHS length of hospital stay, MRI Magnetic Resonance Imaging, N number of patients randomized, NR not reported, OISS Oxford Instability Shoulder Score, PROM Passive Range Of Motion, RC-QOL Rotator Cuff Quality Of Life score, ROM Range Of Motion, Rowe Rowe shoulder score, RTA return to activities, RTW return to work, SANE Single Assessment Numeric Evaluation score, SF-12 Short Form 12 survey, SF-36 Short Form 36 survey, SRQ Shoulder Rating Questionnaire, SST Simple Shoulder Test, UCLA University of California-Los Angeles shoulder rating scale, VAS Visual Analogue Scale, WORC Western Ontario Rotator Cuff index, WOSI Western Ontario Shoulder Instability index.