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Table 3 Comparison of measures of non-participants a in HUNT3 with CWP in HUNT2, and the baseline sample b

From: Prevalence and long-term predictors of persistent chronic widespread pain in the general population in an 11-year prospective study: the HUNT study

  aNon-participants HUNT3 N = 2,451(%)§ bBaseline sample HUNT2 N = 4,927 (%)§
Sex Females (%) 1,634 (67) 3,372 (68)
  Males (%) 817 (33) 1,555 (32)
Age in years, mean (SD) 54.4 (15.7) 52.3 (11.4)
  20-39, (%) 513 (21) 733 (15)
  40-59 964 (39) 2,892 (59)
  60 years or older 974 (40) 1,302 (26)
HADS score; (%)   
  HADS, (%) score <  8, 1,426 (63) 3,209 (67)
  HADS-D, cut off score ≥ 8, 141 (6) 300 (6)
  HADS-A, cut off score ≥ 8, 374 (16) 754 (16)
  HADS-mixed 327 (14) 530 (11)
Sleeping difficulties (%)   
  No problems 834 (53) 2,929 (63)
  Problems 759 (47) 1,751 (37)
Alcohol use – abstainers (%) 396 (17) 552 (12)
  0 times/month 775 (34) 1,516 (32)
  1-7 times/month 1,017 (45) 2,398 (51)
  8 ≥ times/month 91(4) 240 (5)
BMI (%)   
  Underweight 19 (1) 23 (1)
  Normal 279 (30) 1,593 (32)
  Overweight 1,034 (43) 2,262 (46)
  Obesity 634 (26) 1,040 (21)
Smoking status, (%)   
  Never smoked 749 (31) 1,759 (36)
  Former smoker 637 (27) 1,612 (33)
  Current smoker 1,004 (42) 1,517 (31)
Exercise, moderate (%)   
  No exercise 1,378 (66) 2,974 (65)
  Moderate exercise 699 (34) 1,575 (35)
Education in years (%)   
  Primary school (%) 1,251 (55) 2,129 (45.6)
  High school 796 (35) 1,946 (40.7)
  College 211 (9) 653 (13.7)
Marital status (%)   
  Not married/cohabitant 941 (38) 1,226 (25)
  Married/cohabitant, 1,509 (62) 3,690 (75)
Chronic disease, (%)   
  No 873 (39) 2,156 (47)
  Yes 1,345 (61) 2,418 (53)
  1. §N will vary due to missing data.
  2. aParticipants with CWP attending HUNT2 cohort but not attending HUNT3.
  3. bBaseline Sample (respondents with CWP in HUNT2 and responding to BOTH questionnaires.
  4. Q1 and Q2 in HUNT2 and HUNT3.