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Table 2 The norm values of SHAP-C tasks in unimpaired children

From: Preliminary study of the Southampton Hand Assessment Procedure for Children and its reliability

SHAP-C tasks Total (n = 24) Girls (n = 11) Boys (n = 13)    Non-dominant hand (n = 11) Dominant hand (n = 13)   
  Mean [SD] (seconds) Mean [SD] (seconds) Mean [SD] (seconds) Difference in means [SE] (seconds) P Mean [SD] (seconds) Mean [SD] (seconds) Difference in means [SE] (seconds) P
AO tasks          
Light sphere 0.75 [0.18] 0.81 [0.21] 0.71 [0.15] 0.10 [0.07] 0.203 0.79 [0.11] 0.73 [0.22] 0.06 [0.07] 0.418
Light tripod 0.78 [0.15] 0.83 [0.14] 0.74 [0.15] 0.09 [0.06] 0.123 0.82 [0.13] 0.76 [0.16] 0.06 [0.06] 0.327
Light power 0.77 [0.21] 0.83 [0.21] 0.72 [0.21] 0.10 [0.09] 0.248 0.77 [0.14] 0.77 [0.26] −0.003 [0.08] 0.976a
Light lateral 0.90 [0.16] 0.93 [0.17] 0.88 [0.16] 0.05 [0.07] 0.434 0.90 [0.13] 0.90 [0.19] −0.01 [0.07] 0.910
Light tip 0.78 [0.13] 0.81 [0.12] 0.75 [0.13] 0.06 [0.05] 0.236 0.78 [0.12] 0.77 [0.13] 0.01 [0.05] 0.897
Light extension 0.87 [0.21] 1.00 [0.22] 0.77 [0.15] 0.23 [0.07] 0.006* 0.93 [0.21] 0.82 [0.21] 0.11 [0.09] 0.230
Heavy sphere 0.79 [0.15] 0.84 [0.19] 0.75 [0.11] 0.09 [0.06] 0.157 0.79 [0.12] 0.80 [0.18] −0.002 [0.06] 0.970
Heavy tripod 0.84 [0.23] 0.88 [0.17] 0.81 [0.27] 0.08 [0.09] 0.435 0.89 [0.20] 0.80 [0.25] 0.09 [0.09] 0.370
Heavy power 0.83 [0.22] 0.90 [0.26] 0.77 [0.16] 0.13 [0.09] 0.155 0.84 [0.24] 0.82 [0.22] 0.02 [0.09] 0.856
Heavy lateral 1.21 [0.31] 1.37 [0.23] 1.07 [0.30] 0.31 [0.11] 0.012* 1.19 [0.27] 1.22 [0.35] −0.02 [0.13] 0.869
Heavy tip 0.95 [0.17] 1.00 [0.17] 0.91 [0.15] 0.10 [0.07] 0.161 0.99 [0.21] 0.92 [0.12] 0.07 [0.07] 0.325a
Heavy extension 0.95 [0.28] 1.10 [0.32] 0.82 [0.16] 0.28 [0.11] 0.018a* 1.12 [0.29] 0.80 [0.17] 0.32 [0.10] 0.006a*
ADL tasks          
Pick up coins 5.64 [1.03] 5.92 [1.15] 5.40 [0.89] 0.52 [0.42] 0.221 5.92 [1.07] 5.40 [0.97] 0.52 [0.42] 0.221
Undo buttons 19.13 [6.57] 16.51 [5.27] 21.35 [6.93] −4.83 [2.55] 0.072 17.95 [7.67] 20.13 [5.60] −2.18 [2.71] 0.430
Food cutting 5.74 [1.61] 6.28 [1.79] 5.29 [1.34] 0.99 [0.64] 0.137 6.87 [1.69] 4.78 [0.64] 2.09 [0.54] 0.002a*
Page turning 1.37 [0.55] 1.55 [0.56] 1.21 [0.52] 0.33 [0.22] 0.144 1.64 [0.49] 1.14 [0.52] 0.50 [0.21] 0.025*
Remove jar lid 2.19 [0.95] 2.44 [1.00] 1.98 [0.90] 0.45 [0.39] 0.253 2.43 [0.99] 1.98 [0.90] 0.45 [0.39] 0.261
Pour water from jug 5.12 [1.51] 5.84 [1.78] 4.52 [0.91] 1.31 [0.59] 0.044a* 5.52 [1.75] 4.79 [1.23] 0.73 [0.61] 0.243
Pour water from carton 9.09 [2.56] 9.73 [2.94] 8.55 [2.16] 1.18 [1.04] 0.271 8.84 [2.55] 9.31 [2.65] −0.47 [1.07] 0.665
Move a full jar 0.96 [0.25] 1.02 [0.28] 0.91 [0.23] 0.11 [0.10] 0.296 1.03 [0.27] 0.90 [0.24] 0.13 [0.10] 0.225
Move an empty tin 0.84 [0.22] 0.89 [0.17] 0.79 [0.25] 0.11 [0.09] 0.239 0.89 [0.18] 0.79 [0.25] 0.10 [0.09] 0.285
Move a tray 3.15 [1.13] 3.63 [1.09] 2.74 [1.03] 0.89 [0.44] 0.053 3.22 [1.17] 3.09 [1.15] 0.13 [0.47] 0.794
Rotate a key 90° 0.76 [0.14] 0.77 [0.16] 0.76 [0.14] 0.01 [0.06] 0.810 0.73 [0.10] 0.79 [0.17] −0.06 [0.06] 0.297
Open/close a zip 2.09 [0.70] 2.49 [0.69] 1.75 [0.52] 0.74 [0.25] 0.007* 1.95 [0.72] 2.22 [0.68] −0.27 [0.29] 0.357
Rotate a screw 90° 7.04 [1.73] 7.31 [1.95] 6.81 [1.56] 0.50 [0.72] 0.494 7.51 [2.02] 6.64 [1.40] 0.87 [0.70] 0.227
Rotate a door handle 0.64 [0.12] 0.66 [0.14] 0.63 [0.12] 0.03 [0.05] 0.555 0.67 [0.11] 0.61 [0.13] 0.06 [0.05] 0.273
  1. Abbreviations and notations: SHAP-C–Southampton Hand Assessment Procedure for Children, AO–abstract objects, ADL–activities of daily living, SD–standard deviation, SE–standard error, P–significance value.
  2. aP-values for equal variances not assumed (homogeneity assumption of t-test analysis was violated).
  3. *Significance P < 0.05.