Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 2 Bivariate analyses of individual risk factors for activity-limiting foot/ankle MSDs among nurses

From: Prevalence and risk factors for foot and ankle musculoskeletal disorders experienced by nurses

Risk factor n % OR CI (95%) Sig.
Age (years)      
  <30 75 27.4 Referent   0.11
  30-39 100 36.5 1.28 (0.56, 2.89) 0.56
  40-49 66 24.1 0.69 (0.25, 1.90) 0.47
  50+ 33 12.0 2.53 (0.95, 6.74) 0.06
BMI 1 (kg/m 2 )      
  Underweight/normal 139 53.3 Referent   <0.001*
  Overweight 79 30.3 1.63 (0.73, 3.63) 0.23
  Obese/morbidly obese 43 16.5 4.43 (1.94, 10.10) <0.001*
Smoking history      
  Never smoker 180 62.5 Referent   0.46
  Previous smoker 85 29.5 0.95 (0.49, 1.87) 0.89
  Current smoker 23 8.0 0.42 (0.09, 1.90) 0.26
SF-36 PCS 2      
  Quartile 4 (>55.96) 70 25.0 Referent   <0.001*
  Quartile 3 (51.96-55.95) 69 24.6 1.29 (0.33, 5.02) 0.71
  Quartile 2 (48–51.95) 71 25.4 3.70 (1.14, 11.97) <0.001*
  Quartile 1 (0–47.99) 70 25.0 8.61 (2.80, 26.48) <0.001*
No. of foot conditions      
  None 104 35.5 Referent   <0.001*
  One 103 35.2 1.48 (0.85, 2.56) 0.16
  2 or more 86 29.4 2.68 (1.48, 4.85) <0.001*
Shoe style      
  Walking shoe- hard sole 47 16.5 Referent   0.59
  Walking shoe- soft sole 138 48.4 0.90 (0.40, 2.03) 0.80
  Sports/Men’s Shoe/Other 38 13.3 0.69 (0.23, 2.12) 0.52
  Ladies dress shoe 38 13.3 0.44 (0.12, 1.52) 0.19
  Clog/Mule 24 8.4 0.53 (0.13, 2.14) 0.37
Shoe - heel height      
  0-2.5 cm 185 65.1 Referent   0.07
  > 2.5 cm 99 34.9 1.77 (0.95, 3.29) 0.07
Wears insoles/Orthoses      
  No 237 82.6 Referent   <0.001*
  Yes 50 17.4 5.19 (2.62, 10.28) <0.001*
  1. 1Body Mass Index categories: underweight/normal (<24.99), overweight (25–29.99), obese (>30.00).
  2. 2SF36 Physical Component Summary Scale.
  3. *statistically significant.