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Table 3 Sex differences of the three orthopaedic tests, with the mean, standard deviation (SD), mean difference, 95% confidence interval and p-values of the measurements outcomes of examiner MW

From: Reproducibility of and sex differences in common orthopaedic ankle and foot tests in runners

  Male (n = 22) Female (n = 20)  
Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean difference 95% CI P-Value
NDT Stance (mm) 6.7 ± 3.1 4.9 ± 2.1 1.8 0.6- 2.9 0.003
NDT SL-S (mm) 6.0 ± 3.0 4.1 ± 2.2 1.9 0.7- 3.1 0.002
AJD-test (°) 47.7 ± 5.6 48.9 ± 6.6 1.2 -3.9- 1.4 0.364
MTPI-test (°) 69.9 ± 11.2 79.0 ± 13.5 9.1 3.8- 14.5 0.001
  1. SD = Standard Deviation, NDT = Navicular Drop Test, NDT Stance = Navicular Drop Test Stance, NDT SL-S = Navicular Drop Test Single Limb-Stance, AJD = Ankle Joint Dorsiflexion, MTP I = First Metatarsophalangeal Joint, CI = Confidence Interval, † = significant difference between males and females (p < 0.05).