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Table 4 GP management of musculoskeletal problems by body location in children rate per 100 musculoskeletal problems managed (95% CI)

From: Musculoskeletal conditions in children and adolescents managed in Australian primary care

Management Body location
Upper limb (n = 990) Lower limb (n = 1323) Spine or trunk (n = 564)
Medication 19.49 (16.60-22.39) 22.98 (20.37-25.58) 45.05 (40.06-50.01)
Prescribed 5.96 (4.35-7.57) 9.07 (7.33-10.81) 17.91 (14.22-21.59)
Advised OTC† 12.22 (9.81-14.64) 12.55 (10.57-14.53) 24.65 (20.76-28.53)
GP supplied 1.31 (0.61-2.02) 1.36 (0.55-2.17) 2.48 (0.89-4.08)
Other treatments 48.79 (44.68-52.90) 44.07 (40.30-47.83) 44.15 (38.58-49.71)
Clinical‡ 14.04 (11.62-16.46) 27.59 (24.75-30.43) 24.11 (20.17-28.06)
Procedural§ 34.75
(31.33-38.17)
16.48
(14.06-18.90)
20.04
(15.37-24.70)
Referrals 13.84 (11.45-16.22) 21.47 (19.16-23.77) 19.68 (16.32-23.04)
Hospital 1.41 (0.68-2.15) 0.68 (0.24-1.12) 0.53 (0.00-1.13)
Specialist 6.06 (4.49-7.63) 9.52 (7.88-11.17) 6.91 (4.82-9.01)
Allied health services 4.24 (2.89-5.59) 10.36 (8.67-12.04) 11.70 (8.99-14.41)
Emergency department 1.72 (0.86-2.57) 0.45 (0.09-0.82) 0.35 (0.00-0.85)
Imaging 56.67 (53.03-60.30) 40.21 (36.98-43.45) 25.00 (21.03-28.97)
Pathology 0.71 (0.00-1.77) 7.18 (4.03-10.33) 7.27 (2.30-12.24)
  1. †OTC – over the counter.
  2. Clinical treatments include general and specific advice, counselling or education, family planning, and administrative processes.
  3. § Procedural treatments include therapeutic actions and diagnostic procedures undertaken at the encounter.