Skip to main content

Table 2 General characteristics of the study population

From: High short-term and long-term excess mortality in geriatric patients after hip fracture: a prospective cohort study in Taiwan

Variable* Overall (%) Hip fractures (%) Non-Hip fractures (%) p value
Age (years)     Matched
≤ 84 329 (76.2%) 147 (67.7%) 182 (84.7%)  
> 84 103 (23.8%) 70 (32.3%) 33 (15.3%)  
Sex Matched
Female 305 (70.6%) 156 (71.9%) 149 (69.3%)  
Male 127 (29.4%) 61 (28.1%) 66 (30.7%)  
BMI     
>20 350 (81.0%) 160 (73.7%) 190 (88.4%)  
≤20 82 (19.0%) 57 (26.3%) 25 (11.6%) <0.001
T-score     
> −2.19 199 (46.1%) 49 (22.6%) 150 (69.8%)  
≤ −2.19 142 (32.9%) 95 (43.8%) 47 (21.9%) <0.001
Missing 91 (21.1%) 73 (33.6%) 18 (8.4%)  
MMSE
>19 270 (62.5%) 102 (47.0%) 168 (78.1%)  
≤ 19 162 (37.5%) 115 (53.0%) 47 (21.9%) <0.001
ADL difficulty
No 346 (80.1%) 157 (72.4%) 189 (87.9%)  
Yes 86 (19.9%) 60 (27.6%) 26 (12.1%) <0.001
Coordination abnormality
No 376 (87.0%) 175 (80.6%) 201 (93.5%)  
Yes 56 (13.0%) 42 (19.4%) 14 (6.5%) <0.001
Weight-bearing exercise in past 2 weeks
No 204 (47.2%) 118 (54.4%) 86 (40.0%)  
Yes 228 (52.8%) 99 (45.6%) 129 (60.0%) 0.003
Coffee drinking
No 312 (72.2%) 176 (81.1%) 136 (63.3%)  
Yes 120 (27.8%) 41 (18.9%) 79 (36.7%) <0.001
Comorbidity
No 214 (49.5%) 99 (45.6%) 115 (53.5%)  
Yes 218 (50.5%) 118 (54.4%) 100 (46.5%) 0.124
Smoking
No 325 (75.2%) 160 (73.7%) 165 (76.7%)  
Yes 107 (24.8%) 57 (26.3%) 50 (23.3%) 0.504
  1. BMI: body mass index; MMSE: Mini Mental State Examination; ADL: activities of daily living.
  2. *Only age, sex, the variables with significant difference between two groups and the significant variables affecting the excess mortality were listed.