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Table 1 Inclusion and exclusion criteria

From: CASINO: Surgical or Nonsurgical Treatment for cervical radiculopathy, a randomised controlled trial

Inclusion criteria age 18–75 years
at least two months existing complaints of radicular sensations in the arm (VAS arm pain or VAS tingling sensations) of at least 40 mm
herniated disc with root compression confirmed by MRI corresponding with the clinical symptoms
signed informed consent
Exclusion criteria paresis of MRC <4
mainly signs of myelopathy
any form of cervical spine surgery in the past
instability of the cervical spinal column requiring stabilisation
insufficient knowledge of Dutch language
planned emigration in the year after randomisation
  participation in another clinical trial