Reference

ES/Participants (No.)

SMD (95% CI)

Z(p)

Q (p)

I
^{2(%)}

τ^{2}

PI (95%)


Busch et al. (2006)[30]^{a}

6/294

0.61 (0.99 to 0.23)

3.12(0.002)*

12.0 (0.04)**

58.4

0.13

1.74, 0.53

Hauser et al. (2010)[37]

19/870

0.32 (0.53 to 0.12)

3.13(0.002)*

37.0 (0.005)**

51.4

0.22

1.32, 0.68

 Notes: No, Number; ES, effect size; SMD, standardized mean difference; 95% CI, 95% confidence intervals; Z(p), Zvalue and probability value for Z; Q(p), Cochran’s Q statistic and associated alpha (p) value for Q; I
^{2}
, Isquared statistic for heterogeneity; τ^{2}, tausquared; PI, prediction intervals, based on a randomeffects model; SMD (95% CI) based on randomeffects model; Boldfaced values indicate continuous data with nonoverlapping confidence intervals; *, statistically significant, p ≤ 0.05; **, statistically significant, p ≤ 0.10; ^{a} , original metaanalysis did not pool results as done here, but rather, reported separate subgroup results for aerobic exercise studies meeting the American College of Sports Medicine recommendations[31, 32] (4 studies), those not meeting the recommendations (1 study) and those limited to strength training exercise (1 study).