Skip to main content

Table 1 Set of 11 items obtained through panel feedback and consensus agreement

From: The mechanical and inflammatory low back pain (MIL) index: development and validation

Intermitent pain during day Pain on trunk flexion
Morning pain on waking and initial getting up Pain on lateral bending
Stiffness after resting Palpatory pain of vertebrae
Pain on repetive bending Pain when standing for a while
Palpatory pain of muscles Pain on trunk extension
Pain getting out of a chair