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Table 1 Subjects’ characteristics in 182 open surgical procedures for finger flexion contracture in Dupuytren’s disease

From: Surgical treatment of Dupuytren’s disease – outcome and health economy in relation to smoking and diabetes

  All surgeries (n = 182) Non-smokersa(n = 152) Smokersa(n = 27) p-value Subjects without diabetesb(n = 161) Subjects with diabetesb(n = 20) p-value
Age 68 [62-73] 70 [64-75] 63 [59-67] 0.001 69 [63-74] 63 [59-70] 0.03
Gender Male (78%) Male (75%) Male (93%) 0.04 Male (79%) Male (80%) 0.83
BMI 25.1 [23.4-27.1] 25.1 [23.4-27.1] 25.3 [23.1-26.8] 0.87 24.9 [23.1-26.8] 26.8 [23.7-28.9] 0.06
Hypertension (treated) (%) 46% 46% 41% 0.71 42% 75% 0.001
Statin treatment (%) 20% 20% 19% 0.88 17% 40% 0.0001
Preoperative flexion contracture (degrees) 90 [60-110] 85 [60-105] 98 [79-143] 0.04 90 [60-110] 80 [63-113] 0.95
Postoperative flexion contracture (degrees) 20 [0-35] 20 [0-30] 30 [11-40] 0.12 20 [0-35] 20 [15-35] 0.57
Improvement (degrees) 65 [45-87] 60 [45-85] 78 [40-91] 0.60 65 [45-90] 60 [45-80] 0.55
Preoperative Tubiana stage 1b [20 (11%)] 1b [19 (12%)] 1b [1 (4%)] 0.09 1b [19 (12%)] 1b [1 (5%)] 0.97
2 [81 (45%)] 2 [69 (45%)] 2 [10 (37%)] 2 [70 (43%)] 2 [10 (50%)]
3 [41 (22%)] 3 [36 (24%)] 3 [5 (18%)] 3 [37 (23%)] 3 [4 (20%)]
4 [18 (10%)] 4 [12 (8%)] 4 [6 (22%)] 4 [16 (10%)] 4 [2 (10%)]
Unknown [22 (12%)] Unknown [16 (11%] Unknown [5 (19%)] Unknown [19 (12%)] Unknown [3 (15%)]
Postoperative Tubiana stage 0 [34 (19%)] 0 [29 (19%)] 0 [4 (15%)] 0.66 0 [31 (19%)] 0 [3 (15%)] 0.98
1a [37 (20%)] 1a [33 (22%)] 1a [4 (15%)] 1a [32 (19%)] 1a [5 (25%)]
1b [49 (27%)] 1b [38 (25%)] 1b [11 (41%)] 1b [43 (27%)] 1b [6 (30%)]
2 [10 (5.5%)] 2 [9 (6%)] 2 [1 (4%)] 2 [9 (6%)] 2 [1 (5%)]
3 [1 (0.5%)] 3 [1 (1%)] 3 [0 (0%)] 3 [1 (1%)] 3 [0 (0%)]
4 [0 (0%)] 4 [0 (0)] 4 [0 (0%)] 4 [0 (0%)] 4 [0 (0%)]
Unknown [51 (28%)] Unknown [42 (28%)] Unknown [7 (26%)] Unknown [45 (28%)] Unknown [5 (25%)]
  1. Values are median [25% - 75% percentiles], numbers (%) or %. aInformation about smoking was lacking in three patients. bInformation about glucose status was lacking in one patient.