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Table 1 Patients’ demographic data and clinical outcomes

From: Minimally invasive endoscopic treatment for lumbar infectious spondylitis: a retrospective study in a tertiary referral center

Case no. Diagnosis Macnab criteria* Culture Open surgery Complication
1 L2-3 single-level infection Good OSSA None None
2 L3-4 postoperative infection Good ORSA None None
3 L2-3 single-level infection Good No growth None None
4 L2-3 single-level infection Good ORSA 2 months later None
5 L3-4 infection with paraspinal abscess Good Pseudomonas aeruginosa None None
6 L5-S1 single-level infection Good Prevotella None None
7 L5-S1 infection with epidural abscess Good Streptococcus viridans None None
8 L3-4, L4-5, and L5-S1 multilevel infection Poor Mycobacterium tuberculosis 1 week later Paresthesia
9 L4-5 and L5-S1 multilevel infection Good ORSA None None
10 L2-3 single-level infection Good ORSA, Haemophilus influenzae None None
11 L4-5 single-level infection Good OSSA None None
12 L1-2 single-level infection Good Enterococcus faecalis None None
13 L3-4 and L4-5 multilevel infection Fair Pseudomonas aeruginosa 2 weeks later Paresthesia
14 L2-3 infection with paraspinal abscess Good OSSA None None
15 L4-5 postoperative infection Good Streptococcus viridans None None
16 L2-3 single-level infection Good Haemophilus influenzae None None
17 L4-5 single-level infection Excellent OSSA None None
18 L5-S1 infection with epidural abscess Good ORSA None None
19 L3-4 postoperative infection Good OSSA None None
20 L2-3 single-level infection Fair No growth 1 week later None
21 L5-S1 postoperative infection Good OSSA None None
22 L5-S1 single-level infection Good No growth None None
23 L4-5 single-level infection Fair No growth None None
24 L4-5 infection with epidural abscess Good OSSA, Escherichia coli None None
25 L3-4 and L4-5 multilevel infection Fair Haemophilus influenza 2 weeks later Paresthesia
26 L5-S1 infection with presacral abscess Good ORSA None None
27 L4-5 single-level infection Good klebsiella pneumoniae None None
28 L4-5 single-level infection Good Candida albicans None None
29 L3-4 infection with paraspinal abscess Good OSSA 5 months later None
30 L2-3 infection with paraspinal abscess Excellent ORSA None None
31 L4-5 postoperative infection Good ORSA None None
32 L4-5 single-level infection Good OSSA None None
  1. M = male, F = female, L = lumbar spine, S = sacral spine, OSSA = oxacillin sensitive staphylococcus aureus, ORSA = oxacillin resistant staphylococcus aureus.
  2. *Evaluation at one week after PEDI.