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Table 5 Location of injuries (frequencies-f; percentage-%) among soccer referees on the last match, during the last year and during fitness testing, for match referees (MR), and assistant referees (AR); and for different competitive levels (UEFA referees-UEFA, 1 st National league-1 st , 2 nd National league-2 nd , 3 rd National league

From: A retrospective survey on injuries in Croatian football/soccer referees

  Total n = 342 MR n = 157 AR n = 185 UEFA n = 18 1stn = 78 2ndn = 91 3rdn = 155
  f (%) f (%) f (%) f (%) f (%) f (%) f (%)
Last match (n = 67 injuries)        
Elbow 1 (1) 0(0) 1(3) 0(0) 0(0) 0(0) 1(4)
Lower back 4 (6) 0(0) 4(11) 0(0) 1(4) 1(6) 2(8)
Abdominal, hip and groin area 10(14) 4(13) 6(17) 0(0) 1(4) 5(28) 4(16)
Thigh 5 (7) 2(7) 3(8) 0(0) 2(9) 2(11) 1(4)
Knee 10 (15) 4(14) 6(16) 0(0) 3(13) 3(17) 4(15)
Lower leg 9 (13) 2(7) 7(19) 0(0) 4(17) 0(0) 5(19)
Achilles tendon 17 (25) 8(28) 9(24) 0(0) 6(26) 6(33) 5(19)
Ankle and foot 11 (16) 9(31) 1(3) 0(0) 6(26) 1(6) 4(15)
Last 12 months (n = 120 injuries)        
Head 1 (1) 1(2) 0(0) 0(0) 0(0) 0(0) 1(3)
Shoulder 3 (3) 0(0) 3(5) 0(0) 1(3) 1(2) 1(3)
Lower back 14 (12) 4(7) 10(17) 0(0) 4(11) 7(16) 3(9)
Abdominal, hip and groin area 17 (14) 9(14) 8(13) 2(34) 0(0) 7(14) 5(15)
Thigh 10 (8) 8(13) 2(3) 1(17) 4(11) 3(7) 2(6)
Knee 15 (13) 8(13) 7(12) 0(0) 2(5) 9(20) 4(12)
Lower leg 21 (18) 5(8) 16(27) 2(33) 5(14) 5(11) 9(27)
Achilles tendon 22 (18) 15(25) 7(12) 1(17) 12(32) 6(14) 3(9)
Ankle and foot 17 (14) 11(18) 6(10) 0(0) 6(16) 6(13) 5(15)
During fitness testing (n = 57 injuries)        
Head 3 (5) 0(0) 3(9) 0(0) 2(8) 1(6) 0(0)
Lower back 4 (7) 2(10) 2(6) 0(0) 1(4) 2(12) 1(8)
Abdominal, hip and groin area 13 (23) 4(20) 9(26) 2(22) 4(17) 5(30) 2(16)
Thigh 15 (26) 8(38) 7(20) 1(11) 8(33) 3(18) 3(25)
Knee 4 (7) 1(5) 3(9) 0(0) 2(8) 1(6) 1(8)
Lower leg 8 (15) 2(10) 6(17) 0(0) 1(4) 4(24) 3(25)
Achilles tendon 8 (14) 3(14) 5(14) 0(0) 6(25) 1(6) 1(8)
Ankle 1 (2) 1(5) 0(0) 0(0) 0(0) 0(0) 1(8)