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Table 3 Association between clinical variables

From: Vitamin D levels appear to be normal in Danish patients attending secondary care for low back pain and a weak positive correlation between serum level Vitamin D and Modic changes was demonstrated: a cross-sectional cohort study of consecutive patients with non-specific low back pain

Variables Odds ratio (CI 95%)
Modic changes 0.30 (0.12;0.75)
Muscle weakness 1.08 (0.54;2.15)
Paresthesia 0.79 (0.38;1.62)
Widespread pain 1.10 (0.55;2.19)
  1. (dichotomised) and Vitamin D deficiency (y/n).