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Table 2 Studies of navigation-assisted surgery of the proximal femur

From: 2D-fluoroscopic based navigation for Gamma 3 nail insertion versus conventional procedure- a feasibility study

  Type of Study Application navigation-assisted vs. conventional
    Op. time Fluor. Time Precision
Kendoff et al. exp. FN screws > < =
2006, Unfallchirurg [14]      
Kendoff et al. exp. FN screws > < =
2006, Comp aided surg      
Hamelinck et al. exp. FN screws = > =
2006, CORR [15]      
Liebergall et al. clin. FN screws = = >
2006, JBJS Br. [16]      
Chong et al. clin. DHS > < <
2006, Injury [3]      
Müller et al. exp. FN screws > < =
2011, Unfallchirurg [9]      
Beckmann et al. exp. FN drilling = < >
2007, Orthopädie [17] clin.   > < =
Müller et al. exp. DHS > < =
2011, Rofo [10]      
Own data /
Wilharm et al.
exp. Gamma3 < =