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Table 4 Number of citations and content overview at ICF chapter-level of the most frequently identified single-item measures

From: A systematic review of measures of shoulder pain and functioning using the International classification of functioning, disability and health (ICF)

Cond-spec. measures (n=28) Number of citations Mental functions (b1) Sensory functions and pain (b2) Neuromuscular and movement (b7) Structures related to movement (s7) Self-care (d5) Major life areas (d8) Community, social and civic life (d9) Products and technology (e1)
Patient-report pain intensity 200        
Active range of motion 170        
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI/MRA) 125        
Muscle strength 98        
X-ray 81        
Passive range of motion 61        
Ultrasonography 57        
Hawkins-Kennedy test 47       
Neer test 41       
Painful arc 27       
Apprehension test 25       
Resisted isometric abduction 22      
Arthroscopic examination of the shoulder 18        
Active compression test (O’Brian) 17      
Lift-off test 16      
Speed test 15        
Impingement signs 13        
Electromyelography (EMG) 12        
Relocation test (Jobe relocation) 10       
Yergason test 10       
Palpation sensitivity rotator cuff/biceps 9        
Empty can test 9       
Sulcus sign 8       
Jobe test for supraspinatus (Fulcrum’s test) 8       
Belly press test 6      
Compression-rotation test 5       
Instability testing shoulder 5        
Drop arm test 5      
Generic measures (n=7)          
Work absenteism 31        
Medication 15        
Smoking habits 14        
Sport activity 17        
Comb hair 7        
Physical activity 7        
Sleep quality 5