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Table 1 Muscle temperature variation (T peak -T vally ) during microwave treatment

From: Low dose of continuous – wave microwave irradiation did not cause temperature increase in muscles tissue adjacent to titanium alloy implants – an animal study

Groups Temperature gaps (°C) (mean ± SD) P value
  Control group Treatment group  
20 w Deep muscles 0.83 ± 0.12 0.93 ± 0.10 1.00
Superficial muscles 0.83 ± 0.17 0.83 ± 0.21 1.00
30 w Deep muscles 3.80 ± 0.30 4.00 ± 0.21 0.27
Superficial muscles 3.67 ± 0.21 3.87 ± 0.29 0.78
40 w Deep muscles 3.70 ± 0.31 4.50 ± 0.21 0.07
Superficial muscles 3.70 ± 0.50 4.03 ± 0.55 0.17
50 w Deep muscles 4.73 ± 0.20 5.63 ± 0.35 0.037*
Superficial muscles 4.00 ± 0.81 4.40 ± 0.24 0.93
60 w Deep muscles 5.33 ± 0.21 8.10 ± 0.36 <0.01*
  Superficial muscles 5.23 ± 0.21 5.80 ± 0.17 0.013*
  1. *Differences between control and treatment group were assessed by t-test.