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Table 3 Comorbidities + psychosomatic symptoms: differences between CLBP and CWP (n = 647)

From: Differences between patients with chronic widespread pain and local chronic low back pain in primary care - a comparative cross-sectional analysis

  CLBP CWP p
    Chi-square test Fisher’s exact test Welch’s t-test Mann-Whitney U-Test
Self-Administered Comorbidity Questionnaire (SACQ)       
Disease areas (problems) [no (%)]       
High blood pressure (n = 632) n = 472 n = 160 0.079 - - -
  210 (44.5) 84 (52.5)     
Heart diseases (n = 611) n = 460 n = 151 0.489 - - -
  57 (12.4) 22 (14.6)     
Asthma (n = 608) n = 458 n = 150 0.730 - - -
  65 (14.2) 23 (15.3)     
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (n = 594) n = 450 n = 144 0.862 - - -
  46 (10.2) 14 (9.7)     
Ulcer or stomach diseases (n = 605) n = 455 n = 150 0.014 - - -
  77 (16.9) 39 (26.0)     
Diabetes (n = 609) n = 462 n = 147 0.763 - - -
  61 (13.2) 18 (12.2)     
High blood lipid level (n = 607) n = 454 n = 153 0.272 - - -
  130 (28.6) 51 (33.3)     
Kidney diseases (n = 602) n = 454 n = 148 0.011 - - -
  33 (7.3) 21 (14.2)     
Osteoarthitis, degenerative arthritis (n = 619) n = 462 n = 157 >0.001 - - -
  192 (41.6) 96 (61.1)     
Rheumatoid arthritis (n = 591) n = 445 n = 146 0.005 - - -
  48 (10.8) 29 (19.9)     
Osteoporosis (n = 597) n = 447 n = 150 0.454 - - -
  44 (9.8) 18 (12.0)     
Cancer disease (n = 600) n = 453 n = 147 0.287 - - -
  33 (7.3) 7 (4.8)     
Depression (n = 598) n = 456 n = 142 >0.001 - - -
  84 (18.4) 47 (33.1)     
Other psychiatric diseases (n = 596) n = 449 n = 147 0.354 - - -
  54 (12.0) 22 (15.0)     
Number of diagnosed problems [mean (SD)] n = 383 n = 118     
  2.2 (1.9) 2.9 (2.1) - - - 0.001
Number of treated problems [mean (SD)] n = 366 n = 107     
  1.3 (1.5) 1.8 (1.9) - - - 0.026
Summary score [mean (SD)] n = 331 n = 102     
  3.5 (3.6) 5.0 (4.6) - - 0.003 -
Symptom Checklist-90-R n = 430 n = 143     
Summation of all items [mean (SD)] 10.0 (5.9) 15.0 (7.6) - - >0.001 -
Mean of all items [mean (SD)] 0.8 (0.5) 1.3 (0.6) - - >0.001 -
Number of symptoms [mean (SD)] 5.6 (2.8) 7.8 (3.0) - - >0.001 -