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Table 4 Peak joint angles during stance

From: Gait pattern in 9-11-year-old children with generalized joint hypermobility compared with controls; a cross-sectional study

  NGJH n = 18 GJH n = 19 p-value
  Mean (SD) Mean (SD)
Sagittal plane    
Mean hip (degrees) −8.7 (8.1) −9.1 (6.9) p = 0.445
Mean knee (degrees) −14.1 (6.7) −14.3 (5.9) p = 0.943
Mean ankle (degrees) −4.2 (4.9) −4.2 (5.7) p = 0.498
ROM hip (degrees) 41.6 (5.4) 41.7 (5.5) p = 0.329
ROM knee (degrees) 51.5 (5.8) 51.5 (5.5) p = 0.859
ROM ankle (degrees) 29.6 (6.8) 31.0 (5.9) p = 0.454
Hip angle at heel strike (degrees) −30.6 (8.4) −31.5 (6.7) p = 0.262
Knee angle at heel strike (degrees) −4.0 (6.8) −3.7 (5.5) p = 0.580
Ankle angle at heel strike (degrees) −0.1 (4.9) 1.5 (7.2) p = 0.034
Peak knee flexion angle (degrees) −15.6 (9.1) −15.4 (6.7) p = 0.915
Hip angle at peak knee flex (degrees) −26.2 (9.9) −26.8 (5.9) p = 0.186
Ankle angle at peak knee flex (degrees) 3.4 (5.8) 1.9 (6.2) p = 0.048
Peak knee extension (degrees) −2.5 (7.6) −3.8 (6.4) p = 0.663
  1. Mean (SD) of peak joint angles (in degrees) for right/hypermobile leg during stance phase, for NGJH (Non-Generalized Joint Hypermobility) and GJH (Generalized Joint Hypermobility) children, with p-values for effect of status. Zero refers to normal anatomical position. Positive/negative values designate plantar-/dorsal flexion in the ankle, extension/flexion for both knee and hip. Significant differences (p-values <0.05) are marked in bold.