Skip to main content

Advertisement

Springer Nature is making Coronavirus research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Table 2 Step width and length, foot progression angle (FPA) and peak joint moments in sagittal and frontal plane.

From: Gait pattern in 9-11-year-old children with generalized joint hypermobility compared with controls; a cross-sectional study

  NGJH n = 18 GJH n = 19 p-value
  Mean (SD) Mean (SD)  
Step width (max) (m) 0.13 (0.01) 0.12 (0.01) p < 0.001
Step length (m) 0.61 (0.02) 0.62 (0.04) p = 0.886
Right FPA (degrees) 8.6 (4.1) 8.1 (5.9) p = 0.531
Left FPA (degrees) −9.7 (5.6) −8.4 (6.8) p = 0.652
Peak joint moments:    
Sagittal plane    
Ankle (sA1) ( Nm/(kg*m)*100) 7.3 (3.0) 9.4 (5.3) p = 0.182
Ankle (sA2) ( Nm/(kg*m)*100) −83.4 (8.3) −82.9 (14.1) p = 0.029
Knee (sK1) ( Nm/(kg*m)*100) −19.6 (7.9) −17.2 (8.0) p = 0.050
Knee (sK2) ( Nm/(kg*m)*100) 30.4 (11.8) 30.4 (13.6) p = 0.781
Knee (sK3) ( Nm/(kg*m)*100) −6.7 (13.1) −0.8 (8.9) p = 0.005
Knee (sK4) ( Nm/(kg*m)*100) 44.3 (11.1) 44.8 (15.6) p = 0.851
Hip (sH1) ( Nm/(kg*m)*100) −64.7 (14.6) −57.8 (10.7) p = 0.006
Hip (sH2) ( Nm/(kg*m)*100) 86.3 (15.7) 92.8 (21.8) p = 0.460
Frontal plane    
Knee (fK1) ( Nm/(kg*m)*100) 28.2 (9.4) 25.1 (8.8) p = 0.073
Knee (fK2) ( Nm/(kg*m)*100) 29.2 (9.3) 23.1 (8.3) p = 0.003
Hip (fH1) ( Nm/(kg*m)*100) 48.4 (8.7) 46.5 (6.9) p = 0.007
Hip (fH2) ( Nm/(kg*m)*100) 48.5 (10.6) 45.2 (8.3) p = 0.017
  1. Mean (SD) of step length, width, and foot progression angle (FPA) are shown. Further, mean (SD) of normalized ( Nm/(kg*m)*100) internal peak joint moments for right/hypermobile leg during stance phase, for NGJH (Non-Generalized Joint Hypermobility) and GJH (Generalized Joint Hypermobility) children, with p-values for effect of status. In sagittal plane positive/negative values designate dorsal-/plantar flexion in the ankle, extension/flexion in the knee and flexion/extension in the hip. In frontal plane positive/negative values designate abduction/adduction for both knee and hip. Significant differences (p-values <0.05) are marked in bold.
  2. s = sagittal plane, f = frontal plane; A = ankle, K = knee, H = hip; 1,2,3,4 = peak number