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Table 5 Mean and standard deviation values for TNF-α and cortisol concentrations according to group, type of contraction and evaluation time

From: Strength gain through eccentric isotonic training without changes in clinical signs or blood markers

Variables Groups Evaluation time
   Baseline 24 hours 48 hours 72 hours 96 hours
TNF-α (pg/mL) C1 (n=24) 11.16±0.08 11.17±0.08 11.16±0.07 11.17±0.10 11.17±0.08
  E1 (n=22) 11.17±0.12 11.15±0.07 11.16±0.09 11.15±0.07 11.15±0.07
  C10 (n=23) 11.18±0.07 11.18±0.08 11.17±0.10 11.19±0.10 11.20±0.11
  E10 (n=24) 11.20±0.07 11.20±0.09 11.18±0.06 11.19±0.07 11.20±0.09
Cortisol (ng/mL) C1 (n=24) 96.32±17.30     93.48±16.83
  E1 (n=22) 90.97±17.95     93.95 ±16.56
  C10 (n=23) 91.19±19.59     89.23±12.61
  E10 (n=24) 94.95±16.40     91.24±16.31
  1. Legend: C1: Concentric stress; E1: Eccentric stress; C10: Concentric training; E10: Eccentric training. TNF-α: Tumor necrosis factor alpha.