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Table 1 Summary of the biomechanical results showing the viscoelastic properties including stiffness, residual force and compression

From: Biomechanical comparison of menisci from different species and artificial constructs

  Human (n = 6) Human deg. (n = 6) Bovine (n = 6) Ovine (n = 6) Porcine (n = 6) Actifit (n = 3) Menaflex (n = 3)
Stiffness [N/mm], cycle1 8.54 ± 1.87 7.94 ± 2.25 14.72 ± 2.07 11.24 ± 2.36 15.24 ± 0.95 2.83 ± 0.13 4.66 ± 0.35
Stiffness [N/mm], cycle 5 18.29 ± 2.88 16.59 ± 2.66 22.89 ± 2.01 19.84 ± 3.2 24.63 ± 1.28 3.88 ± 0.17 5,50 ± 0.33
Resiudal Force [N], cycle 1 2.99 ± 0.63 2.31 ± 0.69 3.13 ± 0.2 3.24 ± 0.13 2.05 ± 0.21 5.93 ± 0.017 5.15 ± 0.31
Residual Force [N], cycle 5 4.26 ± 0.54 3.74 ± 0.35 4.45 ± 0.12 4.49 ± 0.19 3.73 ± 0.14 8.18 ± 0.032 5.58 ± 0.32
Compression [%], cycle 1 19.92 ± 1.36 18.43 ± 055 14.05 ± 0.92 18.72 ± 1.84 15.21 ± 1.25 74.7 ± 4.76 72.8 ± 3.86
Compresson [%], cycle 5 13.58 ± 1.33 14.38 ± 1.14 11.10 ± 0.95 13.43 ± 1.61 10.31 ± 0.53 65.1 ± 3.38 71.89 ± 7.23