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Table 5 Complications: total ankle replacement or arthrodesis

From: The mid-term outcome of total ankle arthroplasty and ankle fusion in rheumatoid arthritis: a systematic review

Author n of ankles Complications Failure
   Perioperative fracture (n) Wound healing problems (n) Postoperative fracture (n) Deep infection (n) Reoperation due to implant removal (TAA) or non-union (arthrodesis)(n)
TAA      
van der Heide et al. 56 29% (16) 5% (3) - 4% (2) 9% (5)
Schutte et al.* 29 - - - - -
Nelissen et al. 15 - 7% (1) 13% (2) - 0%
San Giovanni et al. 31 32% (10) 13% (4) 13% (4) 0% (0) 6% (2)
Doets et al. 93 29% (27) 4% (9) 10% (4) 4% (4) 16% (15)
Carlsson et al.* 5 - - - - 0%
Bonnin et al.* 29 7% (2) - - - 0%
Anderson et al. 28 - 9% (2) - - 24% (6)
Wood et al. 7 14% (1) 14% (1) - - 0%
Total 293 26% (56) 9% (20) 7% (10) 3% (6) 11% (28)
Arthrodesis       
Anderson et al. 35 - 9% (3) 3% (1) 3% (1) 14% (5)
Kennedy et al. 20 - 10% (2) - 5% (1) 15% (3)
Shinomiya et al. 17 - - - - -
De Palma et al. 7 0% 0% 0% 0% 0%
Lauge-Pedersen et al. 11 0% 0% 18% (2) 0% 0%
Stranks et al. 8 - - - - 0%
Moran et al. 30 - 40% (12) 7% (2) 10% (3) 20% (6)
Sowa et al. 6   17% (1) 17% (1) 0% 0%
Total 134 0% 17% 7% 6% 12%
  1. * = complications/failure in RA patients was not described.
  2. Type of complication not described or not possible to extract from published data.