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Table 2 Hierarchical regression analysis predicting disability due to low back pain

From: Are religious beliefs and practices of Buddhism associated with disability and salivary cortisol in office workers with chronic low back pain?

  R 2 R 2 increment for block Standard β F increment
Step 1 Potential confounders for disability .27    21.86***
   LBP duration    .16***  
 Pain intensity in the past 4 weeks    .20***  
 Radiation of pain in the past 4 weeks    .14**  
 Expectation of treatment or recovery    -.07  
 Anxiety    .06  
 Depression    .16**  
 FABQ physical activity subscale    .09*  
 FABQ work subscale    .14**  
Step 2 Religious beliefs and practices of Buddhism .27 .00   0.51
 Total scale    .02  
  1. Overall model R 2 = .279 (F = 19.46, P = .000).
  2. Betas are standardized. *P < .05; **P < .01; ***P < .001.
  3. LBP, low back pain; FABQ, Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire.