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Table 1 Goal management intervention versus disease-specific self-management interventions

From: A goal management intervention for polyarthritis patients: rationale and design of a randomized controlled trial

Difference in: Disease-specific self-management intervention Goal management intervention
Aim of intervention Control and management of disease Maximizing psychological health, social and physical functioning
Focus / approach Reductionist Holistic
Perspective Patient-centered (disease-specific orientation) | Outsiders’ perspective (disease) Person-focused (body systems are interrelated) | Insider’s perspective (illness)
Content Disease-specific Multiple-related diseases | Not disease-specific
Subject-matter Predetermination of course content Room for personal problems and difficulties
Acquisition of Specific competencies for predetermined assumed problems General multi-deployable competencies
  1. Based on: Starfield, 2011 [34]; Lorig & Holman, 2003 [26]; and Stuifbergen et al., 2010 [2].