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Table 4 Treatment approaches for patients in this study

From: A profile of osteopathic practice in Australia 2010–2011: a cross sectional survey

Characteristic Patient records n (%) AOA census data n (%)
Suitability for treatment   
Yes 795 (99.5) n/a
No 4 (0.5) n/a
Treatment approaches used   
Soft tissue1 765 (22.3) 1950 (22.7)
Articulation2 491 (14.3) 1278 (14.9)
HVLA Thrust3 340 (9.9) 1156 (13.4)
Cranial4 226 (6.6) 533 (6.20)
MET5 500 (14.6) 1123 (13.0)
Counterstrain6 275 (8.0) 395 (4.6)
Education/Advice 410 (11.9) 574 (6.7)
Exercise 196 (5.7) 741 (8.6)
Other* 226 (6.6) 856 (9.9)
No treatment 5 (0.1) n/a
  1. 1A direct technique usually involving lateral or linear stretching, deep pressure, separation of muscle origin and insertion, and including myofascial release.
  2. 2A repetitive low velocity technique where a joint is carried through a range of motion with the aim to increase range of movement.
  3. 3High Velocity Low Amplitude technique, where a rapid therapeutic force (thrust) of brief duration over a short distance within a joint’s anatomical range of motion is employed to engage the restrictive barrier with the aim to decrease restriction in the joint.
  4. 4System of treatment using the primary respiratory mechanism (and balanced membranous tension).
  5. 5Muscle Energy Technique; form of treatment where the patient’s muscles are activated from a precisely controlled position, into a specific direction against a counterforce provided by the clinician.
  6. 6Strain-counterstrain; an indirect treatment method in which a myofascial tenderpoint is treated using passive positioning, resulting in spontaneous tissue release and decreased tenderness.
  7. NOTE: all definitions were extracted from Glossary of Osteopathic Terms in Foundations of Osteopathic Medicine[13].
  8. *Other treatment modalities include needling, stretching, ultrasound, visceral technique, functional technique, orthotics, balanced ligamentous tension, heat/ice application.