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Table 2 Disease activity stratified for alcohol and sex a

From: Alcohol consumption is associated with lower self-reported disease activity and better health-related quality of life in female rheumatoid arthritis patients in Sweden: data from BARFOT, a multicenter study on early RA

  All respondents No alcohol consumption Non-hazardous drinking Hazardous drinking  
  n = 1,238 n = 140 n = 834 n = 264 pb
Number of tender joints (of 28) 3 (1–8) 4 (1–11) 3 (1–8) 3 (1–7) 0.02
Men 2 (0–6) 2 (0–5) 2 (0–6) 2 (0–5.25) 0.94
Women 4 (1–10) 5 (2–12) 4 (1–9) 3 (1–7.25) 0.03
Number of swollen joints (of 28) 1 (0–5) 2 (0–6) 2 (0–5) 1 (0–4) 0.11
Men 0 (0–3) 0 (0–1) 0 (0–4) 1 (0–3) 0.31
Women 2 (0–6) 2 (0–6) 2 (0–6) 1 (0–4) 0.05
VAS global, mm 30 (10–50) 40 (20–50) 30 (10–50) 20 (10–40) 0.0001
Men 20 (10–50) 20 (10–45) 20 (10–40) 20 (10–40) 0.69
Women 30 (10–50) 40 (20–60) 30 (20–50) 20 (10–40) 0.0001
VAS pain, mm 30 (10–50) 40 (20–60) 30 (10–50) 30 (10–50) 0.001
Men 30 (10–50) 30 (20–40) 20 (10–40) 20 (0–40) 0.18
Women 40 (20–60) 40 (20–60) 30 (20–50) 30 (10–60) 0.03
EuroQol 0.76 (0.69–0.80) 0.73 (0.62–0.80) 0.76 (0.69–0.80) 0.80 (0.73–0.80) 0.0001
Men 0.80 (0.73–0.85) 0.73 (0.67–0.80) 0.80 (0.73–0.85) 0.80 (0.73–1.0) 0.07
Women 0.73 (0.66–0.80) 0.73 (0.59–0.80) 0.73 (0.69–0.80) 0.80 (0.73–0.80) 0.005
HAQ 0.38 (0–0.90) 0.75 (0.25–1.38) 0.5 (0–0.88) 0.25 (0–0.75) 0.0001
Men 0.25 (0–0.75) 0.13 (0–0.44) 0.25 (0–0.63) 0.13 (0–0.75) 0.80
Women 0.63 (0.13–1.239 0.88 (0.34–1.38) 0.50 (0.13–1.0) 0.38 (0–0.75) 0.0001
Number of current DMARDs and biologics, mean (SD) 1.1 (0.8) 0.9 (0.9) 1.1 (0.7) 1.2 (0.8) 0.03
Men 1.0 (0.7) 1.1 (0.7) 1.0 (0.7) 1.2 (0.7) 0.30
Women 1.1 (0.8) 0.9 (0.9) 1.1 (0.7) 1.1 (0.9) 0.02
Number of previous DMARDs and biologics, mean (SD) 1.7 (1.4) 1.5 (1.2) 1.8 (1.5) 1.7 (1.3) 0.18
Men 1.0 (0.7) 1.3 (0.5) 1.5 (1.3) 1.6 (1.1) 0.24
Women 1.8 (1.5) 1.5 (1.2) 1.9 (1.6) 1.8 (1.3) 0.03
  1. aUnless otherwise stated, data are median (interquartile range).
  2. bThe p-values relate to the different drinking categories.
  3. HAQ Health Assessment Questionnaire, VAS visual analog scale, DMARDs disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs.