Skip to main content

Table 3 Age, gender, VTE incidence and all-cause mortality following internal fixation (IF) of lower extremity fracture

From: Symptomatic venous thromboembolism and mortality in orthopaedic surgery – an observational study of 45 968 consecutive procedures

Fracture location Number of procedures (n = 12739) Median age- (25th-75th percentile) Female gender – n (%) Mortality – n (%; 95% CI) All VTE – n (%; )%% CI) PE – n (%; 95% CI) DVT – n (%; 95% CI)
Pelvis 52 46 (33–57) 21 (40) 1 (2; 0–14) 6 (12; 5–26) 3 (6; 2–18) 3 (6; 2–18)
Proximal femur 8402 83.3 (77–88) 6129 (72.9) 617 (7.3; 6.8-7.9) 96 (1.1; 0.9-1.4) 39 (0.5; 0.3-0.6) 57 (0.7; 0.5-0.9)
Femur, other 581 78.4 (62–86) 433 (74.5) 27 (4.6; 3.2-6.8) 12 (2.1; 1.2-3.6) 2 (0.3; 0.1-1.4) 10 (1.7; 0.9-3.2)
Patella 169 62.3 (45–74) 95 (56.2) 0 0 0 0
Tibia, proximal 395 52.6 (39–66) 208 (52.7) 2 (0.5; 0.1-2.0) 15 (3.8; 2.3-6.3) 3 (0.8; 0.2-2.4) 13 (3.3; 1.9-5.7)
Tibia, diaphysis 502 46.6 (33–58) 194 (38.6) 3 (0.6; 0.2-1.9) 11 (2.2; 1.2-4.0) 3 (0.6; 0.2-1.9) 8 (1.6; 0.8-3.2)
Tibia, distal 175 47.6 (37–61) 77 (44.0) 0 3 (1.7; 0.6-5.3) 2 (1.1; 0.3-4.6) 1 (0.6; 0.1-4.1)
Ankle 2463 51.3 (37–62) 1332 (54.1) 5 (0.2; 0.1-0.5) 89 (3.6; 2.9-4.4) 11 (0.4; 0.2-0.8) 78 (3.2; 2.5-4.0)
  1. Thromboprophylaxis was used for 7 to 10 days.