Skip to main content

Table 3 RLD children demographics

From: Hand function in children with radial longitudinal deficiency

  Classification Vilkki severity grading classification for RLD Range of motion Radiographs   Treatment Opposite hand if
Child no Gender Age (yr) Syndrome Side Bayne Blauth HWO mH Wrist Ext-Flex(°) Digits TAM(°) HFA(°) UL(mm) HFP(mm) UB(°)93 BL(cm) R/C SD CD P/O/S/Rot Nonsurgically Bayne Blauth
1 F 5,0 Goldenhar R III V 10 8 35 375 5 84 9.4 93 105.5 R SD   P   None None
2 F 8,3   L III IIIA 8 7 20 470 45.5 124 0 12 132.5 R SD CD OS   None None
3 M 5,9   L IV V 12 8 0 205 98 90 -18 6.5 97.5      NS None None
4 F 11,3   L II V 1 0 75 725 15.5 157 -8.5 4.5 135 R SD   P   I II
5 M 10,9 VATER R IV IV 11 8 40 175 90.5 117 -11.5 37 135 R SD   P   0 V
6 M 11,8   L II IIIA 4 3 85 730 20.5 158 -11 3 142.5    CD    0 II
7R F 13,1   R IV V 13 9 0 70 24 96 8 52 143 C    P    
7 L F    L IV V 9 5 95 145 65 123 -26 73 143      NS   
8 M 16,7   R IV V 12 8 20 145 * 108 * 61 179.5 C      None None
9 F 12,8 VATER L IV V 7 6 120 610 1 150 1.5 36 146 R SD   P   I II
10 M 14,3   R III V 8 5 55 290 -2 165 4 27 174 C      None None
11 M 4,3   L IV V 12 6 60 315 79 86 -15 33 102.5   SD    NS None None
12R F 13,1 TAR R IV I 5 3 65 555 35 107 6.5 90 149.7 R       
12 L F    L IV I 6 2 15 730 33 117 5.5 53 149.7 R SD      III
13 F 12,4   L III V 11 8 55 475 17 175 3.5 45 159 R SD   P   0 II
14R M 5,6 VATER R IV IV 12 8 30 125 42 104 -6.5 11 108 C       None
14 L M    L IV V 12 8 75 285 76 99 -18 20 108   SD    NS   II
15 M 11,1 VATER L IV V 9 7 40 310 63 137 -7.5 14 145 C SD   Rot MCII   0 V
16 M 14,2   L IV V 11 6 0 355 29 147 0 71 171 R SD CD P   None  
17 M 7,0   R IV IV 8 6 35 710 50 112 -5 60 128 R    P   0  
18 M 16,8 Goldenhar L IV V 3 2 100 650 12 215 13.5 23 188.5 R    P   0  
19R F 10,3   R II II 3 1 60 850 0 121 -5 30 132      NS   
19 L F    L II II -1 -1 95 1095 3 148 0 13 132      NS   
20R M 4,7   R II IV 3 2 10 495 -7 111 6 25 94 C SD   P    
20 L M    L IV V 7 7 55 280 18 97 8 41 94 R SD   P    
  1. * = not measurable.
  2. R = Radialization.
  3. C = Centralization.
  4. P = Pollicization.
  5. O = Opponens plasty.
  6. S = Stabilization.
  7. Rot = Rotational osteotomy MCI.
  8. SD = Soft tissue distraction.
  9. CD = Callus distraction.
  10. NS = Nonsurgical treatment.
  11. None = normal.
  12. Bayne 0 = carpal anomalies.
  13. Bayne I = R < 2 mm shorter than U.
  14. Bayne II = R hypoplastic.
  15. Bayne III = R part absence.
  16. Bayne IV = R absent.